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He [Mtlton] used also to ait In a pray, coarse cloth coat, at the door of his house lu Bunhill Fields, In warm sunny weather, to enjoy the fresh air; and Bo, as well as In his room, received the visits of people of distinguished parts as well as quality. J. Richardson.

Bunker Hill. See Battle Of Bunker Hill.

Bunker Hill Monument. A lofty obelisk of Quincv granite, on what is now called Bunker Hill, formerly Breed's Hill, in Charlestown (now a part of Boston), Mass. It is erected upon the site of the battle between the British and American forces which took place June 17, 1775. The monument is 221 feet in height, and is a conspicuous object from all points. The corner-stone was laid In 1825 by Gen. La Fayette. It was finished in 1842, when an oration was delivered by Daniel "Webster.

$QF "We wish that whosoever, in all coming lime, shall turn his eye hither, may behold that the place is not undistinguished where the first great battle of the Revolution was fought. . . . We wish that this column, rising towards heaven among the pointed spires of so many temples dedicated to God, may contribute also to produce, in all minds, a pious feeling of dependence and gratitude. We wish, finally, that the last object to the sight of him who leaves his native shore, and the first to gladden his who revisits it, may be something which shall remind him, of the liberty and the glory of his country. Let it rise! let it rise, till it meet the sun in his coming; let the earliest light of the morning gild it, and the parting day linger and play on its summit." lianiel Webtter.

[Adiirenn on Laying the Corner-Stone of the Bunker HiU Monument, 1825.]

There is a stone now standing in very good order that was as old as a monument of LouiB XIV. and Queen Anne's day Is now when Joseph went down into Egypt. Think of the shatton Bunker Ihll standing in the sunshine on the murium: of January 1st. in the yearWi! It won't be standing, — the Master said.—We are poor bunglers compared to those old Egyptians. Holme*.

I have seen Taglloni, —he answered. — She used to take her steps rather prettily. 1 have seen the woman that danced the cap-stone on to Bunker Hill Monument, as Orpheus moved the rock* by music, — Uie Elssler woman, — Funny Elssier.


And when the prowling man-thief came

hunting for his prey Beneath the very shadow of Bunker's

shaft of gray. How, through the free lips of the son, the

father s warning spoke; How, from its bond of trade and sect, the

Pilgrim city broke I Whittier.

Burghley House. The fine Elizabethan manorial mansion erected by the Lord Treasurer Burleigh, now the seat of the Marquis of Exeter. It is situated on the lx>rders of the two counties of Lincoln and Northampton, England. The interior is very magnificent, and the building has many historical and legendary associations connected with it.

Weeping, weeping, late and enrly.
Walking up and pacing down,

Deeply mourned the I^ord of Burghley,
Burghley House by Stamiord town.


Burgomaster Meier Madonna. See Madonna Of The BurgoMaster Meter.

Burgoyne, Surrender of. See

Surrender Ok Burgoyne. Burlington Arcade. A double row of shops in London, built in 1819 for Lord George Cavendish, and, according to Leigh Hunt, famous for " small shops and tall beadles."

When I first descended Into the cabin of the New York, it looked, in my unaccustomed eyes, about as long as the Burlington Arcade. Dickens.

Burlington House. A mansion in Piccadilly, Loudon, originally built for the second Earl of Burlington. It is celebrated as having been the rendezvous of the leading artists, poets, and philosophers of the last century. Handel resided here for a time. In 1854 it was purchased by the British government, and is now occupied by the Royal Society and other literary and scientific institutions.

Burlington's fair palace still remains Beauty within — without, proportion

reigns; Heneath his eye declining art revives, The wall with animated pictures lives. There Handel strikes the strings, the melting strain Transports the soul, and thrills through

every vein. There oft I enter (but with cleaner shoes), For Burlington's beloved by even- Muse. Gay, Trivia

Burnet House. A noble mansion in London, in which lived the celebrated Bishop of Salisbury (1643-1715). It was taken down a few years ago.

Burning Bush. See Moses And


Burns's Cottage. A small house about two miles from the town of Ayr, in Scotland, where, on the 25th of January, 1759, Robert Burns, the poet, was born. The original building, which was nothing more than a "clay bigging," was rebuilt by the poet's father. The cottage is now converted into a public-house.

Burns's Monument. 1. A memorial structure in honor of the poet Burns (1759-17SW), erected in 1820 near the town of Ayr, in Scotland. It is in the form of a circular temple, surrounded by nine Corinthian pillars, symbolical of the nine Muses. Within are preserved some relics of the poet.

2. A memorial in honor of the poet, erected in 1830, in Edinburgh. The cupola is designed after the monument of Lysicrates at Athens.

Burying Hill. A hill in Plymouth, Mass., where many of the Pilgrims were buried. On this hill, which commands a fine view of the harbors of Plymouth and Duxburv and the adjacent country, a fortified church was built in 1622 with six cannon on its flat roof.

Bushnell Park. A beautiful pleasure-ground in Hartford, Conn. The new State Capitol is situated

in it, and it contains some fine statues.

BuBhy Park. A well-known royal nark near Twickenham, England.

Busrah. A noble fortress in Syria, once a great stronghold, but now abandoned, or occupied only by roving bands of Aral)S. It contains within its enclosure a great theatre, portions of which are still perfect, and which dates without doubt from Roman times.

Button's. A sort of successor to Will's coffee-house, and the great

flace of resort for the wits in /ondon after the death of Dryden. Button's was in Russell Street, on the side opposite to Will's. Addison (who was the chief patron), Steele, Pope, Swift,. Arbuthnot, Garth, and others frequented Button's. Here was a letter-box, with its opening in the form of a lion's head, into which were put contributions for the "Guardian." Button's declined after Addison's death and Steele's retirement from London. See Will's. .

On Sunday morning, died, after three days' illness, Mr Button, who formerly kept Button's Coffee-house, in Russell Street, Covcnt Garden; a very noted house for wits, being the place where the Lyon produced the famous Toilers ami Spectators. Daily Advertiser <1731).

Addison usually stndied all the morning, then met his party at Button's, dined there, and stayd nve or six hours; and sometimes far Into the night.

Pope, Spenee's Anecdote*.

Our fate thou only canst adjourn
Some few short years, no more!

E'en Button's wits to worms shall tum,
Who maggots were before. Pope.

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Ca' Doro. One of the most beautiful palaces in Venice, Italy. It was built in the fifteenth century, and is so named after its ancient owners, the Doro family.

Caaba. A Mohammedan temple at Mecca, Arabia. It contains a small oratory within which is a black stone held sacred by all Mussulmans. [Written also Kaabu/i.] See Black Stone.

-•S- "Neither Its ordonnance, nor, Bo far as we can understand, its details, render the temple an object of much architectural magnificence. Even In size it is surpassed by many, and is less than its great rival, the great temple of Jerusalem, which was 600 feet square. Still it is Interesting, as it Is in reality the one temple of the Moslem world; for though many mosques are now reputed sacred, and as such studiously guarded against profanation, this pretended sanctity is evidently a prejudice borrowed from other religions, and Is no part of the doctrine of the Moslem faith, which, like the Jewish, points to one only temple as the place where the people should worship, and towards which they should turn in prayer."


«- "The celebrated Kaabah at

Mecca, to which all the Moslem world

now bow in prayer, is probably a third

[fire-temple of the ancient Persians]."


W "A curious object, that Caabah I There It stands at this hour, in the black cloth-covering the Sultan sends it yearly; '27 cubits high;' with circuit, with double circuit of pillars, with festoon-rows of lamps and quaint ornaments: the lamps will be lighted again thit night, —to glitter again under the stars. An authentic fragment of the oldest Past. It Is the Ktblah of all Moslem: from Delhi all onwards to Morocco, the eyes of innumerable pray. ing men are turned towards it, five times, this day and all days : one of the notables! centres In the Habitation of Men. Cnrlyte.

They . . measure with an English footrule everv cell of the Inquisition, every Turkish cauba, every Holy of holies.

Etnerton. I

<■ T.K<h,f,traZeller Imbued with a feeling for the historical and poetical, so inseparably Intertwined in theannals of romantic (•pain, the Alhambra is as much an object of devotion as Is the Caaba to all true Moslems. Imxa.

Cadzow Castle. A ruined baronial mansion in Scotland, near Hamilton, and the ancient seat of the family of that name. Sir Walter Scott has a ballad entitled " Cadzow Castle."

Caerlaverock Castle. An ancient and noted feudal fortress near Dumfries, Scotland, the former seat of the Maxwells, celebrated for its siege by King Edward I. of England, and for the brave resistance made by its garrison. This castle suggested to Scott his description of Ellengowan.

Caesar. See Cleopatra And CmSar, Death Of Julius Cesar, Triumphs Of Julius Cesar.

Cnsar Borgia. A portrait often ascribed to Raphael, and said to be the likeness of tbe Prince, in the Borghese gallery at Rome. It is now ascertained to be neither the work of the one nor the portrait of the other.

Caesars, Palace of the. See PalAce OF THE C 1..- IRS.

Caesar's Tower. A remarkable keep of immense size and impressive effect, at Kenilworth Castle, of which it forms a part. See Kenilworth Castle.

CafS (Caffe) Greece [The Greek Cafe\J A well-known cafe at Rome, in the Via Condotti, famous as the rendezvous of artists of all nations.

J9&* "In the morning we breakfast at the cafe Greco; this is n long, low, smoky apartment, not brilliant or attractive, but convenient: it appears to be like the rest throughout Italy."

Taine, Tran». Caffegiolo. A royal villa, the ancient residence of the Medicis,

about 15 miles from Florence, Italy. Cagliari, The. A Sardinian steamer trading between Genoa and Tunis. She was seized by some Sicilian adventurers in June, 1857, who with her effected a landing on the territory of Naples. Afterwards the vessel was surrendered to the Neapolitans, who imprisoned with the crew two English engineers who were on board. The affair became a matter of diplomatic correspondence between England and Naples. Caiaphas' Palace. This name is applied to a building, now a convent, on Zion, which seemB to have been built by the Armenians. The credulous see here the stone which closed the Saviour's sepulchre, the spot where Peter was standing when he denied his Master, and even the very stone upon which the cock roosted when he crew. Calus Cestius, Pyramid of. See Pyramid Of Caius Cestius.

Caiua College. A foundation of the University of Cambridge, England. The college was instituted in 1348.

Calais Pier. A noted picture by Joseph Mallord William Turner (1775-1*51). In the National Gallery, London.

Calaveras Pines. A celebrated grove of mammoth pine-trees (Sequoia giqantea) in Calaveras County, California. Some of these are about 320 feet high and 30 feet in diameter. A similar grove, likewise much visited by tourists, is found in Mariposa County. These trees are believed to be over 2,300 years of age. By an act of Congress this grove was granted to the State of California on condition that it should be kept as a public domain. The grant was accepted, and the locality is now under the charge of commissioners.

Caledonia, The. An armor-plated ship of the British navy, launched Oct. 24,1862.

Caledonian Forest. A remnant of the ancient wood which once, under the name of the Caledonian Forest, covered the whole of southern Scotland, from sea to sea, still exists on the bank of the Avon near Hamilton. A few large oaks are all that is now left.

California. A statue by Hiram Powers (1805-1873).

California Street. One of the principal streets in San Francisco, Cal., in which the chief banking offices are situated.

Caligula. A noted bronze bust of the Roman emperor Caligula, now in Turin, Italy. [Called also the Albertina Bronze.]

£3- "One of the most precious portrait* of antiquity, not only because It confirms the testimony of the green basalt in the Vatican, but also because It supplies an even more emphatic and impressive illustration to the narrative of Suetonius." J. A. Symondn.

Caligula's Palace and Bridge. A picture by Joseph Mallord William Turner (1775-1851), the English landscape-painter, and regarded one of his best works. In the National Gallery, London.

Calisto. See Diana And Calisto.

Calixtus, St. See Catacomb Of St. Calixtus.

Calling of St. Peter. Seo MirAci'lous Draught Of Fishes.

Calling of the Apostles. A frescopainting by Domenico Ghirlandajo (1449-1498 ?). In the Sistiue Chapel, Rome.

Callirrb.be. The fountain — and according to Pausanias the only one — which supplied sweet running water to Athens, Greece. Also known as Enneacrumts, from the nine pipes in which the water was conveyed. A small spring still called «aAAippdij now issues from a ridge of rock crossing the bed of the Ilissus.

Calton Hill. A well-known eminence in Edinburgh, Scotland, crowned with monuments.

Calvary. A rock so called, now within the Church of the Sepulchre, at Jerusalem. The Saviour was crucified at a place known as Golgotha (Hebrew for" a skull"), the Latin equivalent for which is Calvariu, whence our English Calvary.

ftjj" " It may bo well to remind the render that there are two errors implied in the populur expression * Mount Calvary.' 1. There is in the Scriptural narrative no mention of a mount or hill. 2. There is no such name us 'Calvary.' The passage from which the word is taken in Luke xxiii. 33, is merely the Latin translation (' Calvaria') of what the Evangelist calls 'a skull,'—spamo*." A. P. Stanley.

According to Mr. Bulwer, Glory Is a Calrary on which the poet i* crucified.

(rastave Plancht, Trans. Calves-Head Club. This club, " in ridicule of the memory of Charles I," consisting of Independents and Anabaptists, and formed in the times of the Revolution, was in existence as late as the eighth year of the rpign of George II. They met annually, and dined ui>on calves' heads prepared in various ways, by which they represented the King and his friends. Their meetings were at length broken up by a mob.

Indeed, his fOoorpe snvllle, Viscount HalifaxJ Jests upon hercditnrv monarchy were sometimes such as would have better become a member of the Calfs Head Club thun a privy councillor ot the Stuarts.


Calvin's House. The house in which the Reformer lived from 1543 to 1564. It is situated in the Rue des Chanoines, Geneva, Switzerland.

Calydonian Boar. See Chace or The Calydonian Boar.

Camaldoli, Convent of. A celebrated monastic establishment at Camaldoli, Italy, founded near the beginning of the eleventh century.

Xxmt "This monastery is secluded from the approach of woman, in a deep, narrow, woody dell. Its circuit of dead walla, built on the conventual plan, gives it an aspect of confinement and defence; yet this is considered as a privileged retreat, where the rule of the order relaxes its rigor, and no monks can reside but the sick or the superannuated, the dignitary or the steward, the apothecary or the beadtarncr. Forsyth.

Oh, Joy for ail, who hear her call
From gray Camaldoli s convent-trail.
And Elmo's towers to freedom's carnival!

Cambiaso Palace. [Ital. Palazzo
Cambiaso.] A noted palace in
Genoa, Italy.

Cambio, Sala del. See Sala Del Cambio.

Cambridge House. A mansion in London, where Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge, youngest son of George III., died in 1830. It was afterwards the town residence of Viscount Palmerston, and is now a Naval and Military Club House.

Cam buskennc th Abbey. A ruined monastery in Scotland, near Alloa, founded in the twelfth century, and once the richest abbey in the kingdom.

Camden House. A mansion in Lontlon, built in 1(>12, and interesting from its historic associations connected with the young Duke of Gloucester, who lived here with his mother. Queen Anne. Camden House was burnt in 1862, and lias since been rebuilt.

Back in the dark, by Bmmpton Park,
He turned up thro' the (Jore,

Ami slunk to Campden-houseso hlph.
All iu his coach uiul four. Sutft.

Camelot. A hill in what is now
known as the parish of Queen's
Camel, England, famous iu the
Arthurian legends.
Goose, if once I had thee upon Sarum

plain, I'd drive thee cackling home to Camelot. Shakespeare.

Camera della Segnatura. One of the four cliarnliers known as the Stanze of Raphael, in the Vatican, Rome, because adorned with paintings by that master.

Camere di Raffaello. See Stanze Of Raphaki,.

Campag-na. [The country.] A name given, in particular, to the undulating* plain which extends on all sides around Rome, including portions of ancient Latium and Etruria. The name is said to have been first applied in the Middle Ages. The whole region is now very unhealthy in

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