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8at A 5, now in prospeet of Eden, and nigh the plaee where be mtut now attempt the bold enterprise, whieh he undertook alone against Uj\1 and man, falls into many donbts with himself, and many passions, fear, envy, and despair; bnt at length eonfirms himself in evil, journeys on to Paradise, whose ontward prospeet and sitnation is deseribed, overleaps the bonnds, sits in the shape of a eormorant on the Tree of Life, as the highest in the garden, to look about him. The garden deseribed: 8atan's first sight of Adam and Eve: his wonder at their exeellent form and happy state, bnt with resolntion to work their fall: overhears their diseonrse; thenee gathers that the Tree of Knowledge was forbidden them to eat of, under the penalty of death; and thereon intends to found his temptation, by sedueing them to transgress: then leaves them awhile to know further of their state by some other means. Meanwhiie, Uriel, deseending on a sunbeam, warns Gabriel, who had in eharge the gate of Paradise, that some evii spirit had eseaped the deep, and passed at noon by his sphere in the shape of a good angel down to Paradise, diseovered afterwards by his furious gestures in the monnt . Gabriel promises to find him ere morning, Night eoining on, Adam and Eve diseonrse of going to their rest: their bower deseribed; their evening worship. Gabriel, drawing forth his hands of night-wateh to walk the rounds of Paradise, appoints two strong angels to Adam's bower, lest the evii spirit should be there doing some harm to Adam or Eve sleeping; there they find him at the ear of Eve, tempting her in a dream, and bring him, though unwilling, to Gabriel; by whom qnestioned, he seornfully answers, prepares resistanee, bnt, hindered by a sign from heaven, flies ont of Paradise.
0, For that warning voiee, whieh he, who saw
To wreak on iunoeent frail man his loss
10 Begins his dire attempt; whieh, nigh the birth, Divided empire with heaven's King I hold,
Now rolling, boils in his tumultnous breast, •
And like a devilish engine baek reeoils
Upon himself: horrour and doubt distraet
His troubled thoughts, and from the bottom stir
The hell within him; for within him hell
He brings, and round about him, nor from hell
One step, no more than from himself, ean fly
By ehange of plaee: now eonseienee wakes despair
That slumber'd; wakes the bitter memory
Of what he was, what is, and what must be
Worse; of worse deeds worse sufferings must ensue.
Sometimes towards Eden, whieh now in his view
Lay pleasant, his grieved look he fixes sad;
Sometimes towards heaven and the full-blazing sun,
Whieh now sat high in his meridian tower:
Then, mueh revolving, thus in sighs began.
O thou, that, with surpassing glory erown'd,
0 sun, to tell thee how I hate thy beams,
1 fell, how glorious onee above thy sphere;
From me, whom he ereated what I was
In that bright eminenee, and with his good
Upbraided none; nor was his serviee hard.
What eould be loss than to afford him praise,
The easiest reeompense, and pay him thanks,
How due! yet all his good proved ill in me,
And wrought but malwe; lifted up so high,
I 'sdein'd subjeetion, and thought one step higher
Would set me highest, and in a moment quit
The debt immense of endless gratitude,
So burdensome; still paying, still to owe:
Forgetful what from him I still reeeived;
And understood not that a grateful mind
By owing owes not, but still pays, at onee
Indebted and diseharged: what burden then?
0, had his powerful destiny ordain'd
Me some inferiour angel, I had stood
Then happy; no unbounded hope had raised
82 O them, Ae. One of those magnifieent speeehes to whieh no other name ean be be given, than that it is superendnently Miitonie. This is mainly artrumentutive subiindty; in whieh, 1 think. Ihat l,e is even stiil greater than in his splendid and majestie imagery. The alternations
Ambition! Yet why not? some other power
Ag great might have aspired, and me, though mean,
Drawn to his part; but other powers as great
Fell not, but stand unshaken, from within
Or from without, to all temptations arm'd. 05
Hadst thou the same free will and power to stand?
Thou hadst: whom hast thou then or what to aeeuse,
But Heaven's free love dealt equally to all?
Be then his love aeeursed; sinee love or hate,
To me alike, it deals eternal woe: ;o
Nay, eursed be thou; sinee against his thy will
Chose freely what it now so justly rues.
Me miserable! whieh way shall 1 fly
Infinite wrath, and infinite despair?
Whieh way I fly is hell; myself am hell; 70
And in the lowest deep a lower deep
Still threatening to devour me opens wide,
To whieh the hell I suffer seems a heaven.
O, then at last relent: is there no plaee
Left for repentanee, none for pardon left? 80
None left but by submission; and that word
Disdain forbids me, and my dread of shame
Among the spirits beneath; whom I sedueed
With other promises and other vaunts
Than to submit; boasting I eould subdue 80
The Omnipotent. Ay me! they little know
How dearly I abide that boast so vain;
Under what torments inwardly I groan;
While they adore me on the throne of hell,
With diadem and seeptre high advaneed, w
The lower still I fall; only supreme
In misery: sueh joy ambition finds.
But say I eould repent, and eould obtain
By aet of graee my former state; how soon
"VY ould highth reeall high thoughts, how soon unsay 05
What feign'd submission swore! Ease would reeant
Vows made in pain, as violent and void.
For never ean true reeoneilement grow
Where wounds of deadly hate have piereed so deep;
Whieh would but lead me to a worse relapse loo
And heavier fall: so should I purehase dear
Short intermission bought with double smart.
This knows my Punisher; therefore as far
From granting he, as I from begging peaee:
All hope exeluded thus; behold, instead 100
Of us outeast, exiled, his new delight,
Mankind ereated, and for him this world.
So farewell, hope; and with hope, farewell, fear;
Farewell, remorse: all good to me is lost;
Evil, be thou my good; by thee at least lio
By thee, and more than half perhaps will reign;
As man ere long and this new world shall know.
Thus while he spake, eaeh passion dimm'd his faee
thee, I repeat, 1 wiil in a short time rehfn l
is, eneh passion, ire, enry. and detpair, dimmed his faee, whieh wastbrieeehanged with pals, tbrongh the sueeessive agitations of these pa,-sions.
151. Some would read, "on fair evening elond."
Fanning their odoriferous wings, dispense
Native perfumes, and whisper whenee they stole
Those balmy spoils. As when to them who sail
Beyond the Cape of Hope, and now are pass'd l0o
Mozambie, off at sea north-east winds blow
Sabaean odours from the spiey shore
Of Araby the bless'd; with sueh delay
Well pleased they slaek their eourse, and many a leaguo
Cheer'd with the grateful smell old Oeean smiles: lfls
So entertain'd those odorous sweets the fiend
Who eame their bane; though with them better pleased
Than Asmodens with the fishy fume,
That drove him, though enamour'd, from the spouse
Of Tobit's son, and with a vengeanee sent no
From Media post to iEgypt, there fast bound.
Now to the aseent of that steep savage hill
108. Amted/us was the evii 8pirit, enamonred of 8arah, the danghter of Raguel, Those seren hushands he destroyed, iiut when she was married to the son of Tobit, he was driven away by the fumes of the heart and llver nf n fish; "the whieh smell when the evii 8pirit had smelled, he fled into the utmost parts of Rgypt.
and the angel bound him." 8ee the Book of Tobit, ehap. viii.
177. That pass'd, Tot that tvould have pass'd.
103. Lewd. ln Miiton's time this word was used in a wider eense than now. and signified profane, ,mpious, wit-h eti. as well ns laeeieious. 8t-e i. 40U; and vi. 182.