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diffusion of knowledge throughout of the people; more than 100 perons Italy.
embark at a time, and it can only conSWITZERLAND.
tain 200. In five hours, against the A Catholic curate in the diocese of wind, it crosses from Geneva to Ouchy. Bruptruth(ci-devant bishopric of Båsle) Mr: Church has it also in contemplaa few days previous to last Easter, had tion to establish steam-vessels on the collected all the New Testaments in Jakes and rivers of Switzerland. At his parish. He had them carried to Geneva and in the Pays de Vaud every the Feast of the Ascension, where, ac- one is highly content with this expedicording to custom, the Easter fire was tious mode of navigation. to be burnt, and taking off the bind.
FRANCE. ings he gave the covers to the pro- There has just been found at Mimet, prietors of the books, telling them that to the north of Marseilles, not far, there was something useful about them, from the site of the second battle of alluding to the metal clasps, and he Marius with the Teutones, a fossil then proceeded to throw the books them- tooth of an elephant. This tooth is in selves into the flames. It is said that good preservation, and was found in a the government of Berne has deprived very hard grey calx over coal. Other him of his curacy for this transaction. large fossils have also been discovered
The Deaf and Dumb Institution at at Martignes in the same departGeneva, founded in 1822, by the Muni- ment.. cipal Council, is directed by M. Chor. M. Toulouzan bas discovered, near nel, bimself both deaf and dumb, a the village of Aurial, in the ruins of a pupil of the Abbé Sicard. The school villa, a marble horary table, of the now contains five boys and five girls, same sort as that described by Pallawho receive four hours instructions dius, and which gives a new strength each day, and already some of the to the learned memoir of Mon. Lepupils are able to write a short sen- tronne, published in the thirty-ninth tence, dictated by their master by number of the Nouvelles Annales des signs.
Voyages. On the pedestal of this table Since last winter the condition of is described, L. VERATIVOS Fecit the monks of the Hospital of St. Ber- FIRMUS. M. Toulouzan, who is active pard bas been considerably improved. in his researches in the Department of These men pass the winter in cells the Mouth of the Rbone, has made where the thermometer (of Reaumer) many important discoveries, of which sometimes falls to 15° below zero. A several are already included in the subscription has afforded means of statistical account of that province, to diffusing warmth through these cells, which he has contributed under the by pipes, and bas further enabled both auspices of the Prefect, Mon. de Vil. Switzerland and Italy to discharge a leneuve. part of the debt, contracted by them Means of preserving Eggs.-In 1820, for the service of these individuals. a tradesman of Paris asked permission
A considerable degree of sensation of the prefect of police to sell, in the has heen excited throughout several of market, eggs that had been preserved the Swiss Cantons by an anonymous a year in a composition, of which he pamphlet, entitled Hört was Madame kept the secret. More than 30,000 of sagt, or “ Listen to what the ladies these eggs were sold in the open say," and dedicated to the friends of market without any complaint being liberty. The government of Lucerne made, or any notice taken of them, have offered a reward of 400 francs for when the Board of Health thought the discovery of the author or editor. proper to examine them. They were
In many cantons of Switzerland the found to be perfectly fresh, and could laws are undergoing a revision. The only be distinguished from others by a project of a civil
code will be presented pulverous stratum of carbonate of lime, this year to the great council of the remarked by M. Cadet to be on the canton de Vaud; a penal code has eggshell. This induced him to make been already printed. The same thing a series of experiments, which ended has taken place at Berne and Zurich. in his discovering that they were preThey are employed in a revision of served in highly saturated lime-water. the civil code in the canton of Fri- M. Cadet suggests adding a little satubourg
rated muriate of lime, but gives no The steam-boat which Mr.Church, the reason. They may also be preserved American Consul at Bourdeaux, has by immersing them twenty seconds in launched on the lake of Geneva, for a bojling water, and then keeping them month siuçe bas occupied the attention well dried in fine sisted ashes; but this
will give them a greyish green colour. two years. This useful mode is well The method of preserving them in known in many parts of England, and lime-water has been "lovg the practice canuot be too much recommended. of Italy; they may be kept thus for
A curious book has recently been, vented for the dressing of woollen discovered, containing original draw.' cloth, which does as much work in ings by Anthonio Van Wyngaerde, in fifty minutes as two men could do in which are Views of London and its two days. principal Buildings and Palaces, Green- A penny of William the Conqueror wich, Richmond, Hampton Court, and has been dug up in the Friars at OxOatlands, taken between the years ford. On the obverse is a full-faced 1557 and 1562, They are drawn with bust extending to the edge of the coin, great spirit, and, so far as we are en. and crowned with an arched crown; abled to judge from such as remain, the right hand holding a sceptre is with uncommon fidelity.
placed upon the left breast. Round Among other curious works, shortly the head is the legend PILLELM REX about to be sold at Fonthill, is A De. (p was the Saxon w). The reverse has monology by King James I. in Manu- a single cross extending nearly to the script.
inner circle, with an amulet in every A public library for apprentices and quarter, cach amulet containing one of mechanics has been recently esta- these letters, P. A. X. S. The whole is blished at Liverpool, to which many, surrounded with the inscription IECLgentlemen of the town and neighbour- PINE ON PINT. Near the same spot hood have presented useful and instruc- was found a London penny of Edward tive books.
I. On the obverse the head extends The whole quantity of forest land only to the inner circle-is full-faced, now belonging to the Crown, either in and crowned with an open crown of fee or subject to the rights of common, three fleurs-de-lis. The epigraph is is computed at 122,622 acres, viz. EDW. R. ANGL. DNS. HYB.
The reAcres en
verse is a single broad cross, extended Acres in closed for each growth of
to the outer edge, with three pellets in
Forest. timber. each quarter, and circumscribed with New Forest
66,942 6,000 the words civITAS LONDON. Dean Forest
23,015 11,000 An issue of double sovereigos is Alice Holt Forest 1,892 1,892 about to take place from the Mint, Woolmer Forest 6,949 1,700 bearing the head of bis Majesty, copied Bere Forest
1,417 1,417 from the admirable bust by Chantry. Whittlewood Forest 5,424 3,895 It is a fact, but vot generally known, Salcey Forest
1,847 1,121 that the common strawberry is a na. Whichwood Forest 3,709 1,841 tural dentifrice; and thať its juice, Waltham Forest 3,278
without any previous preparation whatWindsor Forest
4,402 4,402 ever, dissolves the tartarious incrusta. Delamere Forest 3,847 3,847 tions on the teeth, and makes the Parkhurst Forest 900 900 breath sweet and agreeable.
Sale of Buonaparte's Books, 4.Acres., 122,622 38,015 Although these books had the addi. 1 New Steam Engine.-The power tional recommendation of brief and ( steam is now rendered subservient marginal notes, in the hand writing of
o the breaking of stoues, for the con- Buonaparte himself, they did not rise struction of roads. A machine has to such high prices as might be exbeen invented, consisting of two fluted pected. Buffon's Works, with 2,500 rollers placed side by side, about an plates, in 127 vols., sold for 241. 13s. inch apart, and turning different ways. 6d.; Correspondence betweep BuonaThe stones are put in a kind of hopper parte and Foreign Courts, &c., 7 vols. above, and pushed down with a rake, for 91.; La Croix's Course of Mathe. which afford a regular supply to the matics, 9 vols., for 5l. 10s.--at the end rollers. This machine is worked by a of the volume which contains the Al. rotatory engine 'of one-horse power, gebra, there are three pages of caland will break a ton of hard pebbles culations by Napoleon, The French completely, in from six to eight mi- 'Theatre, 50 vols., for Si. 108. 6d.; Ser. putes. A machine has been also iúvan's History of ihe Wars of the Gauls
and French, 7 vols., for 101. 10$. ; Vol. is a square cast-metal frame, about Dey's Voyage in Syria and Egypt, 2 eight feet high, twenty-two feet in cirvols., 531. 113.; Bruce's Voyages, in 5 cumference, and weighing upwards of vols, with an Atlas-the tracings and four tons. This frame is of course notes on the map are by Napoleon. open below, and at the top are twelve Strabo's Geography, translated from small circular windows made of very the Greek, 3 vols.royal quarto, 6l. 10s.; thick glass, such as are sometimes seen Denon's Voyage in Egypt, 2 vols.- used on board of ships. These winsome of the plates are toro out, and it dows are so cemented or puttied in that contains corrections by Napoleon, and not a bubble of water can penetrate; the plan of the battle of Aboukir traced and when the sea is clear, and parti. by him. Another copy, 171. Descrip- cularly when the sun is shining, the tion of Egypt, published by order of workmen are enabled to carry on their Napoleon, 341. 138. Several letters, sub-marine operations without the aid signed by Buonaparte, for various sums, of candles, which would consume nearly none exceeding 11: 168. His walking as much air as an equal number of bustick, formed of tortoise-shell, of an ex- man bellows. In the inside of the bel! traordinary length, and a musical head, arè seats for the workmen with nobs to for 381. 175. As 2001. was once offered hang their tools on, and attached to it for this stick, it was probably bought is a strong double air-pump, which is a in. If all these articles had been offered mighty improvement on the old-fashfor sale at a former period, they would ioned plan of sinking barrels filled probably have reached to much higher with air. From this pump issues a thick prices.
leathern tube, which is closely fitted Antiquities. More Roman relics into the bell, and the length of which (urns, coins, &c.) have been found on can easily be proportioned to the depth the Mount, near York; and a most ex. of the water. As may be supposed, tensive and beautiful tesselated pave- the bell is suspended from a very long went has been discovered in a stack crane, the shaft of which is sunk to the yard occupied by Mr.T. Pybus, at Alda very keel of a vessel, porchased and burgh, near Boroughbridge. It was fitted up for the purpose, and wbich is, found about two feet and a half from in fact, a necessary part of the diving the surface, whilst digging a drain; it apparatus. On tlie deck of this vessel is in 'extent eight yards by six, and is is placed the air-pump, worked by four enriched in various parts with beauti- men, with an additional hand to watch ful circles, ornamented by wreaths of the signals. When about, therefore, the most brilliant colours, chiefly red, to commencé operations, the sloop is white, and blue.
moved to the outside of the breakPillar in honour of His Majesty.- water, the air-pump put in motion, the The Commissioners of King's town crane worked, and then go down the Harbour have been most indefatigable aquatic quarrymen. From its weight in forwarding its completion, and add. and shape, the machine must dip pering to its' grandeur, utility, and effect. pendicularly; while the volume of air The great granite pillar in commemo- within enables the workinen to breathe, ration of our gracious Sovereign's de- and keeps out the water. On arriving parture from Dublin, which rises over at the bottom the divers are chiefly the harbour, measures in one solid stone annoyed with large beds of sea-weed, sixteen feet. Thecolumn, it is intended, although from the inequalities of the should be forty feet high. It is placed channel at Port Patrick, and the paron the remaining part of a ridge of tially uneven manner in which the rocks, which extended from the shore ledges of the bell occasionally rest on into the interior, which are now used the rocks, it is impossible to expel the in making the great pier. It has an water altogether; and this, it is preadmirable effect, as the spot ou which sumed, is the reason why it is dangerit stands is all that now remains of the oos to descend in rough or squally great ridge. The base rests in the bo- weather, when the heaving and agisom of this old fragment, and imme. tated deep would be apt to dash in the diately under the pillar are four great smallest cranny. To guard against the granite orbs. The appearance of the effects of several hours' partial immerwhole is very striking, and well worthy sion in water, the men are provided the memorable occasion of which it is with large jack-boots, caps of wool, and an interesting testimonial.
coarse woollen jackets. They also obDiving-bell at Port Patrick.- The serve the precaution of stuffing their diving-bell, or rather the improved in- ears with cotton, as the constant stream strument now in use at Port Patrick, of air which descends from above, Eur, Mag. Aug. 1823,
occasions at first an uneasy sensasion, ence, the first containing Letters writand is even apt to produce deafness. ten by royal, noble, and eminent perIn carrying out the new pier it is ne- sons of Great Britain, from the time of cessary to make a bed for the founda- Henry VI. to the reign of his present tion stones, which would otherwise be Majesty. The most important doculeft at the mercy of the waves—and ment in the other two volumes is, the this is the duty of the divers. With memorable Letter of Lady Jane Gray, picks, hammers, jumpers, and gunpow. as Queen of England, to the Marquis der, the most rugged surface is made of Northampton, requiring the alleeven, and not only a bed prepared for giance against what she calls “ the the huge masses of stone which are fayned and untrue clayme of the Lady afterwards let down, but the blocks Mary, bastard daughter to our great themselves strongly bound together uncle Henry VIII. of famous memorye." with iron and cement. The divers, There is likewise a valuable « Treatise like other quarrymen, when tbey wish on the Court of Star Chamber," written “ to blast,” take good care to be put in the time of King James 1. and King out of harm's way. By means of a tin Charles I., by William Hudson, Esq. of tube, the powder is kept quite dry, and Gray's-inn. In biblical learning, the a branch from the larger cavity, hollow collection contains two volumes of parand filled with an oaten straw, is ticular interest. One is a fine manuJengthened to the very surface of the script of part of the Old Testament, ia water before the fuse is lighted. English, as translated by Wicliffe ;
The Lansdown Manuscripts. — A the other is a volume elegantly written catalogue of the “ Lansdown Manu- on vellam, aud illuminated, containing scripts” has been printed by authority part of a French Bible, translated by of the Royal Commission on Public Raoul de Presle, or Praelles, at the Records. The preface contains many command of Charles V. of France; a interesting particulars. This collec. version of extreme rarity even in that tion of Manuscripts was purchased in country. There are also some fine 1807, by a vote of Parliament, of the classical manuscripts; amongst them representatives of the then late Marquis a fac-simile of the celebrated Virgil in of Lansdown, for the sum of 4,925l, the Vatican Library, made by Bartoli, The catalogue is divided into two in 1642. In poetry, besides two beauparts; the first consisting of the tiful manuscripts of the fifteenth cenBurighle Papers only; the second
tury, on vellum, one containing the comprehending the remaiuder of the “ Sonnets of Petrarch," the other the Manuscripts in general, including the “ Comedie of Dante," there is a very Cæsar and Kennett Papers. Of the fair and perfect copy, also on vellum, Buirghle Papers one volume contains of the “ Canterbury Tales," of Chancopies of Charters, &c. of an carly pe- cer, written about the reign of Henry riod: but the remainder, amounting to V.; in the initial letter of which is a one hundred and twenty-one volumes, full-length portrait of the author. Likein folio, consist of State Papers, inter- wise a volume, partly on vellum and spersed with Miscellaneons Correspod partly on paper, being “ A Collection ence during the reign of Queen Eliza- of the Poems of John Lydgate, Monk beth; and among these is the “Private of Bury," many of which have never Memorandum-Buok of Lord Burighle.” been printed, and an unpublished Exclusively of the larger series, this Poem, by Skelton, entitled “The Image collection of manuscripts comprehends of Ypocresye,” believed to be the aumany valuable works on different sub- thor's autograph. And there is a vo. jects. In British History, Topography, lume containing twenty very interestand Jurisprudence, the collection is ing “ Treatises on Music," of the fifparticularly rich. It contains a beau
teenth century, origiually belonging tiful illuminated manuscript of “ Har- to John Wylde, precentor of Waltham dyng's Chronicle," as it was presented Abbey, and afterwards to Thomas Pal. by its author to Henry VI. It deserves lys, organist to Henry VIII.; a manuespecial notice; it was formerly Sir script volume that has been particuRobert Cotton's, and it differs from the larly noticed and commented upon by printed copies of the Chronicle (which Sir Jobn Hawkins and Dr. Burney, in came down to Edward IV.'s time) so their respective Histories of Music. much as not even to admit of collation,
In the press, Memoirs of the Court Also, a fair transcript of the “ Chroni.. of Louis XIV. and of the Regency; ex. cle of Andrew of Wyntown;" and tracted from the Germau correspond. three volumes of original correspond- ence of Mad. Elizabeth Charlotte, Duchess of Orleans, mother of the Regent; A new Edition of Blaine's Canine preceded by a Biographical Notice of Pathology is nearly ready, with an this Princess, and with Notes.
addition of new matter, particularly In the course of the ensuing month a Philosophical Joquiry into the Origin will appear, in one vol. 8vo. An easy of the Dog, his individual varieties, lotroduction to Lamarck's Arrange- and examination of the popular subject ment of the Genera of Shells; with il- of breeding animals; also a very copilustrative remarks, additional observa. ous account of Rabies or Madness. tions, and a synoptic table. By Charles Mr. L. J. Mac. Henry has in the Dubois, F.L.S.
press, and nearly ready for publicaIn the press, Memoirs of Mrs. Eliz. tion, a new Edition of bis improved Aon Ulyat, extracted from her Diary Spanish Grammar, designed especially and Letters. To which is added, a for self-instruction. Sermon, on occasion of her death. By Preparing for publication, Outlines Thomas Rogers.
of Midwifery, developing its Principles Ivanhoe has been translated into Ita- and Practice; intended as a text book, Jian, and is published at Milan by Pro. for students, and a book of reference, fessor G. Barbien.
for junior practitioners. By J. T. Con. Home's Tragedy of Douglas has quest, M.D.F.L.S. Member of the Royal been translated into Italian by Professor College of Physicians, and of the MeMarré; and is published at Genoa. dico Chirurgical Society of London.
Extracts from the Diary of the late The Third Edition, enlarged and illusMichael Underwood, M.D. consisting trated by copper plate engravings, chiefly of Critical Remarks on various 12mo. 7s. 60. Passages of Scripture, Meditations, and The Second Edition of Mr. Goodwin's occasional Hymns; are to be published New System of Shoeiog Horses is in, by Subscription in one vol. 8vo. Price preparation, and will speedily be pub78. for the Benefit of his Widowed lished in 8vo. containing many new Daughter.
and important additions, with new Tbe continuation of Mr. Booth's plates illustrative of the recent invenAnalytical Dictionary of the English tion, which is the subject of a patent, Language is now in the press, and the for shoeing horses with cast malleable several Parts will be published, suc- iron, enabling the public to obtain. cessively, at shortjntervals. The shoes correctly made of any form. printiog of the Second Part was be- In the course of a few days will apcessarily delayed for the purpose of pear in two vols. 8vo. a new Edition, calculating, with some degree of pro- much improved, of Miss Benger'Mebability, the number of copies that moirs of Mary, Queen of Scots, with would be required.
Åpecdotes of the Court of Henry II. A new Edition of the “ Young Coun- during her residence in France. tess," is nearly ready, a Tale for Youth, Nearly ready for publication, Horæ much improved, and embellished with Momenta Cravenæ, or the Craven Diatwo fine engravings by Rhodes, from lect, exemplified in two Dialogues bedrawings by Craig.
tween Farmer Giles and his Neighbour The Second Livraison of the French Bridget; to which is annexed a copi. Classics, edited by L. T. Ventouillac, ous Glossary of the Dialect of Craven, comprisiog Numa Pompilius, by Flo- in the West Riding of Yorkshire. rian, with Notes and Life of the Author, A Panoramic View of the City of in two vols. will be published in a few Edinburgh and surrounding Country, days.
comprehending the varied and picMr. H. V. Smith is preparing for turesque scenery as seen from the top publication a History of the English of Calton-hill, from an actual drawing Stage, from the Reformation to the on the spot, by Mr. Tytler, will appear present time; containing a particular in a few days, beautifully printed in Account of all the Theatres that have chalk, by Simonean, and baodsomely been erected at different periods in the coloured on imperial drawing paper, Metropolis, and interspersed with va- size, ninety inches loug, by twenty-onerious amusing Anecdotes, &c.