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312

ILLUSTRATIONS OF CHRISTIAN EXPERIENCE,

all ages

if you would be rich. Is it not worth while to strain a point ?" Or, there is a higher and more influential station in society to be attained, and from thence it will be possible to reach hundreds and thousands to whom at present we are unknown. Surely it is lawful,” suggests the unseen enemy, “to acquire such a valuable position, although a little duplicity—(I beg pardon, simulation is the word)—a little simulation, a little subserviency, and a clever little trick or two, be necessary to secure it.” Or, there is influence to be exerted in society by oratory or by literature; and if a man can arouse the public by a little folly, if he can tickle them into a good humour by going or only seeming to go with the stream, until at length that manyheaded and many-tongued public shall listen to what he says or read what he writes with respect, if not with avidity, may he not bribe the blind trumpeter Fame to sound his name abroad, and may he not work the many-mouthed Press to advertise his skill in a highsounding strain ?

Obedience :-Do we really like that word ? Undoubtedly we shall like both the name and the act if we truly love the Being to whom our allegiance is due. “I want a suitable sphere,” cries the aspirant after sublunary greatness. He consults the divine oracle and finds, not a plaything, but a requirement-obedience. He finds human life a course appointed, not an excursion invented. He finds human destiny an award judicially allotted, not a prize or a blank in a lottery. To “obey": and to “hearken,” to “labour" and to “wait"—these are the proper business of man: his sphere, present and future, is with God.

“But is there not a place for every one, and should not every one be in his place ?" Certainly; but the place for the soul is not like the coffin we make for the dead body, nor yet like the house made for the living one, nor even like the town or city in which we live. It is simply a path in which God condescends to lead, and in which it is our happiness to follow. Hence the words of the apostle John—"Be ye followers of God as endeared children."

Father John is a believer in what' for want of a better term, he calls spiritual instinct. There are high and mighty purposes, plans, and methods in Divine providence, in relation to which we play a peculiar part as instruments in the hands of God. In addition to the chief end to be effected by our lives, and which it is our privilege to know and to secure, others of a subordinate, but mysterious and remote character are unconsciously attained in the service of God. The poverty, the loneliness, the sorrow, the affliction, or the temptation which tries us, and the common-place duties in which we engage may, in certain respects, appear to us useless; but of such things we are utterly incapable of judging: “God is his own interpreter," and when he pleases, and so far as he pleases, he will make them plain. But even if, in reference to some points, he withhold such knowledge from us, either because it must be throughout

“too high for us,” or because such an arrangement is best in his estimation, should we complain? Let us rather work on at his command, offering all our works to Him; being assured that although to a great extent we are unconscious agents, building for ourselves and for others an unseen Present, and an unknown Future, an unerring Providence causes all things to work together for the best for us while we love God. By and by, & higher spiritual reason will dawn upon us, and our spiritual instinct will be of a loftier kind; but to know, as God knows, why I am a native of a Christian country, and why millions of my fellow men are born in heathendom,why I am placed in my present circumstances rather than in others, is a problem I cannot solve. As the bee constructs its cell ignorant of geometry, as the beaver builds its dam and forms its abode, untaught in hydrostatics and mechanics, and as the spider suspends its web without knowing the science of engineering, so does the man who has faith in God produce results, while under divine control, in relation to which his conduct may be described as spiritual instinct

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Humility is a virtue all preach, none practice, and yet every body is contented to hear. The master thinks it good doctrine for his servants, the laity for the clergy, and the clergy forthe laity.--Selden.

Children and their Teachers. .

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LESSON ON THE USE OF LAW. The following capital illustration of an oral lesson on Law, which was given by the teacher to the elder boys of an elementary school, has been published in the Educational Record :Each time I come to school I

pass watchmaker's shop; inside the window are several gold watches, while outside there are many people passing, all of whom, no doubt, would like to have some of these watches; the only thing that separates them from the people is a thin piece of glass, yet no attempts to break through this to get at the watches ; can you tell me why ?

Because they know it is wrong.

Is it the fear of doing wrong that keeps all from trying to steal them?

No, sir.

Then what does keep those from doing wrong who do not mind doing what they know to be wrong ?

They are afraid of being caught and put into prison.

What do you call such a fear ?
Feur of punishment.
Right; but who have the

power

of punishing thieves ?

The magistrates and judges.
And what gives that power ?
The law.

If there were no law for punishing theft, could there be any fear of punishment ?

No, sir.

And we have seen that it is this fear only which keeps some from stealing. Now if that fear were removed, could the watchmaker's property be as safe as it is now?

Vo, sir.
And what makes it safe now?
The law.

What word may we substitute for makes safe?

Protects.

And what is anything called that protects ?

A protection.

By means of several inductive questions, the boys were then led to see that the law is as effectually a protection to property as if it were a material barrier; that it thus protects the

shopkeeper's goods, the farmer's crops, the trees, shrubs, and flowers of public parks, and property of all kinds. From these illustrations they were able to answer the following quèstions :

Now tell me, as clearly as you can, what is the principal use of law ?

The chief use of law is to protect property, both private and public.

We have spoken of material property only ; are there any other kinds of property that need protection?

Yes, sir; our lives, and our characters, and our peace.

And it does this, as you all know, by punishing those who commit murder; and those who maliciously speak evil of us; and those who make rows. A better word than rows ?

Disturbances.

Now use the word "wealth " instead of “material property,” and tell me more fully what are the uses of law ?

The uses of law are to protect persons, wealth, lives, and character, and

" ; to keep order.

And how does it do this ?

By punishing those who break the laws, and so making others afraid to

do so.

What people are those who require to be restrained from doing wrong by fear of punishment ?

The bad people.

We have been speaking of law only as a means of protection ; is there no other way of protecting our rights ?

Every man could protect his own.

What! even if a man were attacked by one stronger than himself?

Men could join together to protect each other's rights.

That is sometimes done, when there is no constitutional law, and I will tell you how the plan succeeds.

I then gave a short account of the state of things as they existed at the diggings of California and Australia, showing how insecure life and property are in the absence of law. From a few illustrations, gathered chiefly from the newspaper, I showed how frequent

I ly offenders escape punishment, and how often too, when caught, the

punishment is disproportionate to the In this way the children were led offence. From such illustrations my to see that national prosperity is class deduced the truth, that constitu- as dependent on the goodness of the tional law is better than individual or laws, as on any of the sources of mutual protection, because with it wealth. (when properly executed) there is a We have now seen that property of far greater probability that the offender all kinds is secured by the laws; tell will receive just punishment.

me what benefits arises out of this You all know that men labour to security ? obtain wealth; what do some hope to We are prosperous and happy. do with it when obtained ?

Do you think you derive any benefit To enjoy it.

from the goodness of the laws ?-(No And others ?

answer.) Think a little ; how do your To increase it.

fathers get money to buy food and In which cases they convert part of clothing, and to pay rent for you? their wealth into capital. Name some By working kinds of capital.

Out of what part of their wealth Houses, land, ships, railways, canals, do masters pay their men ? factories, machinery, raw materials. Out of their capital.

Would men change their money into And we have seen that capital canthese things if they had no security not exist, unless protected by law; for keeping and using them?

therefore, without this protection there Vo, sir.

would be no factories to work in, no And what gives them this security ? machinery to work with, no raw The law.

materials

to work upon, and no money If in England there were no such to

pay

for labor. security, what would the industrious, Now tell me whether you derive any skilful, and economical men do, to benefit from the laws ? whom the capital of the country

Yes, sir. belongs?

How ? They would not work so hard, or We get food, clothes, and shelter,

that we could not get without. But there are some men who must And therefore we say you have an from their very nature be industrious interest in the existence of the laws; and saving, and who could not live in so have I; so has every one. This such a state of things, what would being the case, what is it every ope's thev do?

duty to do, when the laws are in danGo to other countries where property ger of being broken? is safe.

To do all they can to prevent their And what would prosperous, happy

being broken. England then become ?

Why? Very poor and miserable.

Because law is for the good of all.

süre.

Religious Incident and Experieuce.

“OLD BEN ROPER." BENJAMIN Roper, or rather, "dear old Ben," as he was most familiarly called, was a preacher among the Primitive Methodists. Ben had not been regularly ordained as & minister, for he was a bricklayer by trade, and followed his work to within a few days of his death ; but, having "been called to be a partaker of grace," he had almost from the day of his conversion “taken to preaching," as he used to say, ex

horting people in his simple way to become followers of Jesus.

Well, Ben was a Primitive Methodist, and having been converted, he became a preacher, as we have before stated. In stature, Ben was five feet, five inches, and the blasts of sixty winters had somewhat wrinkled his brow, whitened his hair, and slightly bent his back. One Sunday preceding Christmas-day, not many years ago, Ben was “planned” to preach in &

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little village two miles distant from he prayed; she also took the trouble the town in which he lived.

to teach him verse after verse, until It was a cold winterly day, the snow he had committed to memory several lay on the ground, hard and crisp, and chapters. But Ben's wife was now Ben, staff in hand, trudged cheerfully dead, and this was the first sermon to his “appointment,” arriving at the he had preached since his sad loss. village a few minutes before the time The sermon, we must say, was not fixed for service. The “chapel" had learned, nor clever, nor replete with been used as a cow house, the manger illustrations borrowed from a variety had been taken away, the rafters in the of sources; but it was good, earnest, roof and the sides whitewashed, and a and simple; there could be no misfew benches put in as seats. The take about the doctrine inculcated“pulpit," as it was called, resembled it was sound. And, perhaps, it was more an oblong box set upright, with its simplicity and earnestness which the top end and lid removed, than caused it to sink so deeply into the anything else; there was a ricketty hearts of his hearers, and to bring board in front, on which the Bible lay, forth such good fruit after many days. and a shelf inside, about a foot from The sermon over, Ben got out of the the ground, on which the preacher pulpit, and was instantly surrounded stood. A few tin slides containing by the children, whom be patted on lighted candles, were stuck against their heads. the walls, and a huge fire in a grate, The Lord be praised !” said an round which a number of children old man, extending his trembling hand were grouped, warmed the place. Yet to Ben, as he spoke; "the Lord souls had been converted to God in be praised for what we've heard to that primitive-looking meeting-house, night!” and if it had ben built of marble and Bless the Lord !” said Ben, graspthe roof spiked with gold, it could not ing the hand-Ben had got into a have been invested with more endear- habit of saying, “ Bless the Lord !” ing associations in the hearts of those very frequently—“bless the Lord, His who were wont to assemble within its name be praised !” walls.

Ben was somewhat exhausted with Ben arrived while the people were his labour, so he accepted the old man's singing, “just practising a bit” they invitation to have a dish of tea," called it; and though the man who with him and his wife, before he went gave the hymn out did so in a husky home, and Ben passed out of the little voice, and with a strange addition and meeting-house, with many a fervent subtraction of the “h's," and though “ God bless you !" from the poor the tune might have been a little louder people who had heard him. than was appropriate for so small a Jacob Harper was only a poor man, place, yet there was such a degree of but he had a heart rich with earnestness about the whole—nostrain- as the preacher and his host trudged ing after effect, but a singing in which to the dwelling of the latter, their all joined, from “dear old Ben," after conversation was simple but heavenly: he had got into the pulpit, to "little “I kept the kettle boiling,” said Janey," the youngest of the children Harper's wife to Ben; “I know'd who were sitting by the fire, and whose you'd be coming. So, Janet's gone, childish voice could sometimes be heard aye-(Janet was old Ben's wife) chiming in at the conclusion of a verse hoo's better off now, Ben.” —that the most stoical might have “Bless the Lord! hoo is,” said been deeply impressed.

Ben; “but it's wearying without her. Ben chose for his text 2 Tim. iv. 7, 8. Hoo says, a bit afore hoo died, 'Ben,' The sermon was an extempore one hoo says, “thee'l not be long after necessarily, for Ben could neither read me;' and then hoo says, 'Ben, Ben,' nor write, though he could recite whole says she, “tell us about Jacob's lather; chapters, and seemed never at a loss so I told her, and then hoo says, “Ben, for an appropriate verse to quote on Ben,' hoo says, the lather's coming all occasions. His knowledge of the down, Ben ;' and then hoo died. Five Scriptures Ben attributed to his wife, and thirty years hoo'd been my wife, who read at their daily devotion, and and its lonesome like now to be with

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out her, for I'm an old man ye sees, and my work's nearly done, bless the Lord! I've tried to serve him more years than I served the devil—forty years this very night I first know'd Him, and He's been very good to me ever since-" his pent up feelings overcame him, and the old man stopped to give them way.

Many and many a mile," he added, after a pause, “ I've walked to speak about him to the people; twenty miles and more I've walked on the Sunday, and preached three times-bless the Lord! but my journey's nearly over now—the harvest always was great, but the labourers always was few; Lord, Lord, send more labourers into the harvest !” The old man again burst into tears.

It was a solemn scene, those two poor old creatures, out of their poverty, ministering to the bodily and spiritual comfort of “dear old "Ben.” (Oh!

ye rich in purse, but needy in heart, ye are poor indeed-poverty stricken -compared with some of those who give their cups of water and crusts of bread to fellow disciples.) The "dish of tea" was drank; and then, kneeling on the cold, bare floor, Ben prayed.

- It was the last prayer he offered up in the presence of others, for three hours later he was found, with his head resting on a stone by the roadside, dead; a smile had overspread his rigid features, and his face was turned upward, as though he, too, had seen the ladder coming out of heaven, and the angels descending to beckon him away. His friends, of whom he had many, though they were very poor, raised a stone over his grave, and had engraved upon it these words :-“The harvest truly is great, but the labourers are few.”J. B. M., in the Pri. mitive Methodist Magazine.

Notices of Books.

Lays, Melodies, and National Airs. The words The Wicket-Gate entered, and the Bridgeless

written expressly by the Rev. E. D. Jack- River Crossed. The Early Experience and son, B.C.L. Arranged in a familiar style Peaceful Death of Mr, Thomas Wilson. with an accompaniment for the Piano Forte, Fruit in Old Age. A Journal of Visits to by R. Andrews. London : Partridge & Co. the Dying Bed of John Payne. Parts I. and II.

Jesus revealed to a Babe. The remarkable Many of the best airs popular in this Conversion and Happy Death of William country are here prettily arranged,

Devonshire. and adapted to words against which

Grace in the Young : An Account of Emily very little exception could be taken by

D-, London: W. H. Collingridge. the most scrupulous parents who wish

SMALL biographies, exemplifying vatheir children to learn and practice rieties of Christian experience, of the music. Part I. consists entirely of

true stamp of genuine piety, though solos with accompaniments, arranged related with considerable mannerism, with simplicity and care; and besides

and so made somewhat distasteful to presenting the music in a pleasing and minds of a different school to that of attractive form, such as would gratify the writers. any family circle, it furnishes excellent practice for a very numerous class of

Meliora : a Quarterly Review of Social Sciperformers, who, without professing to

No. 3, October 1858. London: be proficients, love to cultivate and en- Partridge & Co. joy good music. Part II. advances This excellent periodical maintains its farther into the intricacies of fingering character well. Several of the articles (though there is nothing that might are of special interest, and all are prenot be attempted by any pupil of six pared with ability and care. The submonths with a fair prospect of success), jects are-Life in Arcadia, that is, and is arranged for part singing. Se- condition of the English peasantry; veral of the pieces are of a sacred Recent Travels in Norway, a land not character, and the whole of the words much known to the ordinary reader, are moral in tone and correct in sen- yet full of interest; The Philosophy, timent.

of Wages, in which the importance of

ence.

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