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ferall diseases: Immodicis brevis est atas iC rara senectus. Aristotle gives instance in Sparrows, which are parum vivaccs ob salacitatem, p short lived hecause of their salacity, which is very frequent, as Scoppius in Priapiis will better inform you. The extremes being both bad, * the medium is to be kept, which cannot easily be determined. Some are better able to sustain, such as are hot and moist, plegmatick, as Hippocrates insinuateth, some strong and lustie, well fed like q Hercules, * Proculus the Emperour, lusty Laurence, 'prostibulum fcetnirue Messalina the Empress, that by Philters, and such kinde of lascivious meats, use all means to 'inable themselves: and brag of it in the end, confodi multas enim, occidi vero paucas per ventrem vidisti, as that Spanish f Celestina merrily said: others impotent, of a cold and dry constitution, cannot sustain those gymnicks without great hurt done to their own bodies, of which number (though they be very prone to it) are melancholy men for the most part.


Ayr rectified. With a digression of the Ayr.

AS a long-winged Hawk when he is first whistled off the fist, mounts aloft, and for his pleasure feteheth many a circuit in the Ayr, still soaring higher and higher, till he be come to his full piteh, and in the end when the game is sprung, comes down amain, and stoopes upon a sudden: so will I, having now come at last into these ample fields of Ayre, wherein I may freely expatiate and exercise my self for my recreation, a while rove, wander round about the world, mount aloft to those sthereall orbs and celestiall spheres, and so descend to my former elements again. In which progress, I will first see whether that relation of the Frier of u Oxford be true, concerning those Northern parts under the Pole (if 1 meet obu ier with the wandring Jew, Elias Artifex, or Lucian's Icaromenippus, they shall be my guides) whether there be such 4. Euripes, and a great rock of Load-stones, which may cause

* Nequitia est quae te non sinit esse senem. * Vide Montanum, Pet. Godefridum, Amorum lib. 2. cap. 6. curiosum de his, nam et numerum de finite Talimudistis, unicuiq; sciatis assignari suum tempos, &c. 'Thespiadas genuit. 'Vide Lampridium vit. ejus 4. "Et lassata viris, &c. • Vid. Mizald. cent. 8. 11. Lemnium lib. 2. cap. 16. Catullum ad lpsiphilam, &c. Ovid. Eleg. lib. 3. & 6. ice. quot itinera una nocte confecissent, tot coronas ludicro ileo puta Triphallo, Marsiae, Herms, Priapo donarent, Cin. gemus tibi mentulam coronis, &c. f Pernoboscodid. Gasp. Bartbii. » Nich. dcLynnt cited by Mercator in his Map.

I»4 the the needle in the Compass still to bend that way, and what should be the true cause of the variation of the compass, * is it a magneticall rock, or the Pole-star, as Cardan will; or some other star in the bear, as Marsilius Ficinus; or a magneticall meridian, as Maurolicus; Vtl situs in vend terra, as Agricola; or the nearness of the next Continent, as Cabeus will, or some other cause, as Scaliger, Cortesius, Conimbricenses, Peregrinus, contend; why at the Azores it looks direc tly North, otherwise not? In the Mediterranean or Levant (as some observe) it varies 7. grad. by and by 12. and then 22. In the Baltick Seas, near Rasceburg in Finland, the needle runs round, if any ships come that way, though *Martin Ridley write otherwise, that the needle near the Pole will hardly be forced from his direction. 'Tis fit to be enquired whether certain rules may be made of it, as 11. grad. Land, variat. alibi 36. &c. and that which is more prodigious, the variation varies in the same place, now taken accurately, 'tis so much after a few years quite altered from that it was: till we have better intelligence, let our Dr. Gilbert, and Nicholas * Cabeus the Jesuite, that have both written great volumes of this subject, satisfie these Inquisitors. Whether the sea be open and navigable by the Pole artick, and which is the likeliest way, that of Bartison the Hollander, under the Pole it self, which for some reasons I hold best; or by Fretum Davis, or Nova Zembla. Whether c Hudson's discovery be true of a new found Ocean, any likelihood of Button's bay in 50, degrees, Hubberd's Hope in 60. that of ut ultra near Sir Thomas Roe's welcome in North-west Fox, being that the sea ebbs and flows constantly there 15. foot in 12. hours, as our * new Cards inform us that California is not a Cape, but an Hand, and the West-windes make the Nepe tides equall to the Spring, or that there be any probability to pass by the straights of Anian to China, by the Promontory of Tabin. If there be, I shall soon perceive whether 'Marcus Polus the Venetian's narration be true or false, of that great City of Quinsay and Cambalu; whether there be any such places, or that as 'Matth. Riccius the Jesuite hath written, China and Cataia be all one, the great Cham of Taitary and the King of China be the same: Xuntain and Quinsay, and the City of Cambalu be that new Paquin, or such a wall 400. leagues long to part China from Tar

* Mons Sloto. Some call it the highest hill in the world, next Tencriffe in the Canaries. Lat. 81. » Cap. 26. in his Treatise of magnctickc bodies. k Lege lib. 1. cap. 23. Se 84. de magnetica philosophic, i lib. 3. cap. 4. * 1612.

4 M. Brigs, his Map, and Northwest Fox. • Lib. 2. ca. 64. de nob. civitai.

Quinsay, Sc cap. 10. de Cambalu. f Lib. 4. cxped. ad Sinas, ca. 3. & lib. i. t, 18.


• tary: whether * Presbyter John be in Asia or Africk; M« Polus Venctus puts him in Asia, h the most received opinion is, that he is Emperourof the Abissines, which of old was jEthiopia, now Nubia, under the jEquator in Africk. Whether * Guinea be an Island or part of the Continent, or that hungry k Spaniard's discovery of Terra Australis Incognita, or Magellanica, be as true as that of Mcrcurius Britannius, or his of Utopia, or his of Lucinia. And yet in likelihood it may be so, for without all question it being extended from the Tropick of Capricorn to the circle Antartick, and lying as it doth in the temperate Zone, cannot chuse but yeeld in time some flourishing kingdomes to succeeding ages, as America did unto the Spaniards. Shouten and Le Meir have done well in the discovery of the Streights of Magellan, in finding a more convenient passage to Mare pacificum: me thinks some of our modern Argonautes should prosequute the rest. As I go by Madagascar, I would see that great Birde 1 Rucke, that can carry a man and horse or an Elephant, with that Arabian Phoenix described by m Adricomius; see the Pellicanes of yEgypr, those Scythian Gryphes in Asia: And afterwards in Africk examine the fountains of Nilus, whether Herodotus, "Seneca, Plin. lib. 5. cap. 9. Strabo. lib. 5. give a true cause of his annuall flowing, pPagaphetta discourse rightly of it, or of Niger and Senega; examine Cardan, 'Scaliger's reasons, and the rest. Is it from those Etesian winds, or melting of snow in the Mountains under the ./Equator (for Jordan yearly overflows when the snow melts in Mount Libanus) or from those great dropping perpetuall showres, which are so frequent to the inhabitants within the Tropicks, when the Sun is verticall, and cause such vast inundations in Senega, Maragnan, Orenoque, and the rest of those great rivers in Zona Torrida, which have all commonly the same passions at set times: and by good husbandry and policy hereafter no doubt may come to be as populous, as well tilled, as fruitfull as ^gypt it self, or Cauchinthina? I would observe all those motions of the sea, and from what cause they proceed, from the Moon (as the Vulgar hold) or earth's motion, which Galileus in the fourth dialogue of his Systeme of the world, so eagerly proves, and firmly demonstrates; or winds, as r some will. Why in that quiet Ocean of Zur, in mar i pacifico, it is scarce per

• M. Poius in Asia Presb. Joh. meminit lib. 2. cap. 30. h Alluaresius ct

alii. t Lat. 10. Gr. Ami. k Fcrdinando do Quir. Anno 1G12. iAU^

rum pennx continent in longitudine 12. passus, cluphanterh in sublime tollere potest. Polus 1. 3. c. 40. m Lib. 2. Desrripl. terrae sancue. "Natur.

ciuxst. lib. 4. cap. 2. ?Lib. de rcg. Congo. 'F.xcrcit. 17. 'ScoM. Carpenter's Geography, lib. 2, cap. 6. k Bern. Tclesius lib. do man.

ccived, ceived, in our British Seas most violent, in the Mediterranean and

Red Sea so vehement, irregular, and diverse? Why the current in that Atlantick Ocean should still be in some places fi om, in some again towards the North, and why they come sooner than go? and so from Moabar to Madagascar in that Indian Ocean, the Merchants come in three weeks, as * Scaliger discusseth, they return scarce in three moneths, with the same or like windes: The continuall current is from East to West. Whether Mount Athos, Pelion, Olympus, Ossa, Caucasus, Atlas, be so high as Pliny, Solinus, Mela relate, above Clouds, Meteors, Ulri nec aura nec vend spirant, (insomuch that they that ascend dy suddenly very often, the aire is so subtile) 1250. paces high, according to that measure of Dicearchus, or IS miles perpendicularly high, as Jacobus Mazonius, sec. 3. X 4. expounding that place of Aristotle about Caucasus; and as 'Blancanus the Jesuite contends out of Clavius and Nonius demonstrations de Crepusculis: or rather 32. stadiums, as the most received opinion is; or 4. miles, which the height of no mountain doth perpendicularly exceed, and is equal to the greatest depths of the Sea, which is, as Scaliger holds 1580. paces, Exer. 38. others 100. paces. I would see those inner parts of America, whether there be any such great city of Manoa, or Eldorado in that golden Empire, where the high ways are as much beaten (one reports) as between Madril and Valedolit in Spain; or any such Amazones as he relates, or gigantical Patagones in Chica; with that miraculous mountain "Ybouyapab in the Northern Brasile, cujus jugum sterniter in ameenissimam planitiem, ttc. or that of Pariacacca so high elevated in Peru. x The pike of Teneriffhow high it is? 10. miles, or bO. as Patricius holds, or IK as Snellius demonstrates in his Erotosthenes: see that Strang * Cirknickzerksey lake in Carniola, whose waters gush so fast out of the ground, that they will overtake a swift horseman, and by and by with as incredible celerity are supped up: which Lazius and Warnerus make an argument of the Argonautes sayling under ground. And that vast den or hole called y Esmellen in Muscovia, qiict visitur horrendo hiatu, SCc. which if any thing casually fall in, makes such a roaring noise, that no thunder, or ordnance, or warlike engin can make.the like; such another is Gilber's

'Exercit. 52. de maris mom causae investigandae: prima reciprocatiouis, secunda varictatis, tenia ccleritatis quarta cessatonis, quinta privationis, sexra contrarietatis, Patritius saith bl. miles in heighth. 'Lib. de explicaiione locorum Matliem. Aristot. » Laet. lib. H. cap. 18. descrip. occid. Ind.

* Luge alii vocant. * Geor. Wcrncrus, Aquae lanta celeriiate erumpum et absorberiur, ut expedjto cquiti adiium intercludant. » Buissardus de Magi* •ap. dc l'ilapiis.

Cave in Lapland, with many the like. I would examine the Caspian Sea, and see where and how it exonerates it self, after it hath taken in Volga, Jaxares, Oxus, and those great rivers; at the mouth of Oby, or where? What vent the Mexican lake hath, the Titicacan in Peru, or that circular pool in the vale of Terapeia, of which Acosta /. 3. c. 16. hot in a cold country, the Spring of which boils up in the middle twenty foot square, and hath no vent but exhalation: and that of Mare mortuum in Palestina, of Thrasumene, at Peruzium in Italy: the Mediterranean it self. For from the Ocean, at the Straights of Gibraltar, there is a perpetuall current into the Levant, and so likewise by the Thracian Bosphorus out of the Euxine or black Sea, besides all those great rivers of Nilus, Padus, Rhodanus, &c. how is this water consumed, by the Sun, or otherwise? I would find out with Trajan the fountaines of Danubius, of Ganges, Oxus, see those Egyptian Pyramids, Trajan's bridge, Grotto de Sybilla, Lucullus's Fish-ponds, the Temple of Nidrose, &c. And, if 1 could, observe what becomes of Swallowes, Storkes, Cranes, Cuckowes, Nightingales, Redstarts, and many other kinde of singing birds, water-fowls, Hawks, &c. some of them are onely seen in Summer, some in Winter; some are observed in the * snow, and at no other times, each have their seasons. In winter not a bird is in Muscovie to be found, but at the spring in an instanc the woods and hedges are full of them, saith p Herbastein: how comes it to pass? Do they sleep in winter, like Gesner's Alpine mice; or do they lye hid (as 'Olaus affirmes) " in the bottom of lakes and rivers, spiritum continentes? often so found by Fishermen in Poland and Scandia, two together, mouth to mouth, wing to wing; and when the spring comes they revive again, or if they be brought into a stove, or to the fire-side." Or do they follow the Sun, as Peter Martyr legat. Babylonica I. 2. manifestly convicts, out of his own knowledge: for when he was Embassadour in Egypt, he saw Swallowes, Spanish kites, 'and many such other European birds, in December and January very familiarly flying, and in great abundance, about Alexandria, ubijiovida tunc arbores ac viridaria. Or lye they hid in caves, rocks, and hollow trees, as most think, in deep Tinmines or Sea-cliffes, as * M1 Carew gives out? I conclude of

* In campis Lovicen solum visuntur in nive, k ubinam vere, aestate, autumno se occultant. Hermes Polit. 1. 1. Jul. Bellius. f Statim ineunte vere sylvae strepunt eocum eanlilenis. Muscovit. comment. 1Immergunt se fluminibus, lacubusq; per hyemem lotam, &c. 'C'eterasq; volucres Pontura hyeme adveniente e nostris ugipnibns Europeis transvolautss. * Survay of Cornwall.


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