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then proceeded to the illustration. The responses by the audience were more frequently called for than in the former Sermon. He concluded with praying fervently for the glory and prosperity of the Church of England. ---After the Sermon, I went up to Sattianaden, and the old Christians who had known Swartz came around us. They were anxious to hear something of the progress of Christianity in the North of India. They said they had heard good news from Bengal. I told. them that the news were good, but that Bengal was exactly a hundred years behind Tanjore.

I have had long conversations with the Missionaries relating to the present circumstances of the Tanjore Mission. It is in a languishing state at this moment, in consequence of the war on the Continent of Europe. Two of its sources have dried up, the Royal College at Copenhagen, and the Orphan-house at Halle, in Germany. Their remaining resource from Europe is the stipend of “The Society for promoting Christian Knowledge;' whom they never mention but with emotions of gratitude and affection. But this supply is by no means commensurate with the increasing number of their Churches and Schools. The chief support of the Mission is derived from itself. Mr. Swartz had in his life time acquired a considerable property, through the kindness of the English Government and of the Native Princes. When he was dying, he said, Let the of Christ be my heir. When his colleague, the pious Gericke, was departing, he also bequeathed his property to the Mission. And now Mr. Kohloff gives from his private funds an annual sum; not that he can well


afford it; but the Mission is so extended, that he gives it, he told me, to preserve the new and remote congregations in eristence.

He stated that there were upwards of ten thousand Protestant Christians belonging to the Tanjore and Tinavelly districts alone, who had not among them one complete copy of the Bible ; and that not one Christian perhaps in a hundred, had a New Testament; and yet there are some copies of the Tamul Scriptures still to be sold at Tranquebar : but the poor natives cannot afford to purchase them. When I mentioned the designs of the Bible Society in England, they received the tidings with very sensible emotions of thankfulness. Mr. Horst said, If only every tenth person to obtain

copy of the Scriptures, it would be an event long to be remembered in Tanjore. They lamented much that they were destitute of the aid of a printing-press, and represented to me that the progress of Christianity had been materially retarded of late years by the want of that important auxiliary. They have petitioned the Society for promoting Christian Knowledge to send them one. They justly observed, If you can no longer send us Missionaries to preach the Gospel, send us the means of printing the Gospel.* The Tranquebar Mission and



* The Brahmins in Tanjore have procured a press, “which they dedicate (say the Missionaries in their last letter) to the glory of their gods :" but their Missionaries, who first introduced the civilization of Christianity at the Tanjore capital, are still without one. Printing is certainly the legitimate instrument of the Christian for the promulgation of Christianity. We


the Madras mission have both possessed printing-presses
for a long period; by the means of which they have
been extensively useful in distributing the scriptures and
religious publications in several languages. The Mis-
sion Press at Tranquebar may be said to have been the
fountain of all the good that was done in India during
the last century. It was established by Ziegenbalg.
From this press, in conjunction with that at Halle, in
Germany, have proceeded volumes in Arabic, Syriac,
Hindoostanee, Tamul, Telinga, Portuguese, Danish, and
English. I have in my possession the Psalms of David
in the Hindoostanee Language, printed in the Arabic cha-
racter; and the History of Christ in Syriac, intended
probably for the Syro-Romish Christians on the sea-coast
of Travancore, whom a Danish missionary once visited,
both of which volumes were edited by the Missionaries
of Tranquebar. There is also in Swartz's Library at
Tanjore a grammar of the Hindoostanee Language in
quarto, published at the same press ; an important fact
which was not known at the College of Fort-William,
when Professor Gilchrist commenced his useful labours
in that language."


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Protestants have put it into the hands of the Brahmins, and we
ought to see to it that the teachers of our own religion are
possessed of an equal advantage.

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Tanjore, Sept. 3, 1806. * Before I left the capital of Tanjore, the Rajah was pleased to honour me with a second audience. On this occasion he presented to me a portrait of himself, a very striking likeness, painted by a Hindoo artist at the Tanjore Court.*---The Missionary, Dr. John, accompanied me to the palace. The Rajah received him with much kindness, and presented to him a piece of gold cloth. Of the resident Missionary Mr. Kohloff, whom the Rajah sees frequently, he spoke to me in terms of high approbation. This cannot be very agreeable to the Brahmins; but the Rajah, though he yet professes the Brahminical religion, is no longer obedient to the dictate of the Brahmins, and they are compelled to admit his superior attainments in knowledge.--I passed the chief part of this morning in looking over Mr. Swartz's manuscripts and books : and when I was coming away Mr. Kohloff presented to

a Hebrew Psalter, which had been Mr. Swartz's companion for fifty years ; also a brass lamp which he had got first when a Student at the College of Halle, and had used in his lucubrations to the time of his death; for Mr. Swartz seldom preached to the natives without previous study. I thought I saw the image of Swartz in


* It is now placed in the Public Library of the University of Cambridge.

his successor. Mr. Kohloff is a man of great simplicity of manners, of meek deportment, and of ardent zeal in the cause of revealed Religion, and of humanity. He walked with me through the Christian village close to his house; and I was much pleased to see the affectionate - respect of the people towards him; the young people of both sexes coming forward from the doors on both sides, to salute him and receive his benediction.'*

* That I may give to those who are interested in the promotion of Christianity in the East, a more just view of the character of Swartz's successor, the Rev. Mr. Kohloff, I shall subjoin an Extract of a Letter which I have since received from the Rev. Mr. Horst.

Tanjore, Sept. 24, 1807. - The Rey. Mr. Kohloff is sometimes rather weak, on account of so many and various cares that assail him without ceasing. He provides for the wants of this and the Southern Missions (Tritchinopoly excepted) by disbursing annually upwards of one thousand pagodas (about 250l. sterling) out of his private purse, partly to make up the difference between the income and expenditure of this and the Southern Mission (of which I annex an abstract) and the rest in assisting the deserving poor, without regard to religion; and for various pious uses. To him as Arbitrator and Father, apply all Christians that are at variance, disturbed from without or from within, out of service or distressed; for most of our Christians will do any thing rather than go to law.

“ All these heterogeneous, but, to a Missionary at Tanjore, unavoidable avocations, joined to the ordinary duties of his station, exercise his mind early and late; and if he be not of a robust constitution, will undermine his health at last. Happily, several neighbouring Churches and new congrega

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