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tors, and the parliament did the like for the earl.

In the mean time, the lord Fairfax being denied succour from Hull, and the east riding, was forced to forsake Selby, and retire to Leeds : of which the earl. of Newcastle haying intelligence, he lay with his army on. Clifford moor, to intercept him in his way to Leeds. Whereupon Sir Thomas was ordered by his father to bring what men he could to join with him at Sherburne, on purpose to fe. cure his retreat.

To amuse the earl, Sir Thomas made a di.. version at Tadcaster, which the garrison imme. diately quitted, and whereof he slighted the works. But the lord Goring marching to its relief, with twenty troops of horse and dragoons, defeated Sir Thomas upon Bramhammoor; who also received a second defeat upon Seacroft-moor, where some of his men were fain, and many taken prisoners : so that he made his retreat with much difficulty to Leeds about an hour after his father was fafely come thither : and, according to him, this was one of the greatest loses he ever received.

Leeds and Bradford being all the garrisons the parliament had in the north, Sir Thomas thought it necessary to possess some other place: therefore, with about one thousand one hundred horse and foot, he drove, on the twenty-first of May, the Royalists out of Wakefield, which they had seized again ; and took one thousand four hundred prisoners,


eighty officers, and great store of ammunition: but, thortly after, the earl of Newcastle coming to besiege Bradford, and Sir Thomas and his father having the boldness, with about three thousand men, to go and attack his whole army, which consisted of ten thousand men, on Adderton-moor, they were entirely routed by the earl, on the thirtieth of June, with a considerable loss.

Upon that, Halifax and Beverley being abandoned by the Parliamentarians, and the lord Fairfax having neither a place of strength to defend himself in, nor a garrison in York. shire to retire to, withdrew the fame night to Leeds, to secure that town; but, by his order, Sir Thomas stayed in Bradford with eight hundred foot and fixty horse ; wherein being surrounded, he was obliged to force his way through: in which desperate attempt, his lady, and many others, were taken prisoners. ..

At his coming to Leeds, he found things in great distraction, the council of war hav. ing resolved to quit the town, and retreat to Hull, which was fixty miles off, with many of the king's garrisons in the way. However, though there were fifty or fixty troops of Royalists within three miles of Leeds, he got safely to Selby, where there was a ferry, and and hard by one of the parliament's garrisons at Cawood.

Immediately after his coming to Selby, being attacked by a party of horse which pur


fued him, he received a fhot in the wrist of his left arm, which made the bridle fall out of his hand ; and, being among the nerves and veins, suddenly let out such a quantity of blood, that he was ready to fall from his horse; but taking the reins in the other hand, in which he had his sword, he withdrew himself out of the crowd ; and, after a very trouble. some and dangerous passage, being often attacked, sometimes in the front, sometimes in the rear, he came to Hull.

Upon these repeated disasters, the Scots were hastily sollicited to send twenty thousand men to the assistance of the Parliamentarians, who were thus likely to be overpowered.

The lord Fairfax, after his coming to Hull, made it his first business to raise new forces; and, in a short time, had about one thoufand five hundred foot, and seven hundred horse. The town being little, Sir Thomas was sent to Beverley with the horse and fix hundred foot; for, the marquis of Newcastle looking upon them as inconsiderable, and leaving only a few garrisons, was marched with his whole army into Lincolnshire, having orders to go, into Effex, and block up London on that side. But he was hastily recalled northward, upon the lord Fairfax's sending out a large party to make an attempt upon Stanford-bridge, near York.

The marquis, at his return into Yorkshire, first dislodged from Beverley Sir Thomas, who


retreated into Hull, to which the marquis laid fiege, but could not carry the place. During the fiege, the horse being useless, and many dying every day, Sir Thomas was sent with them over into Lincolnshire, to join the earl of Manchester's forces, then commanded by major-general Cromwell. At Horn-castle, or Wensby, they routed a party of five thousand men, commanded by Sir John Henderson ; and, at the same time, the besięged in Hull making a fally upon the besiegers, obliged them to retire.

These two defeats together, the one falling, heavy upon the horse, the other upon the foot, kept the royalists all that winter from attempting any thing; and the parliamentarians, after the taking of Lincoln, settled themselves in winter-quarters. But Sir Thom mas had not long the benefit of them, for in the coldest season of the year, he was commanded by the parliament, to go and raise the seige of Nantwich in Cheshire, which the lord Byron, with an army from Ireland, had reduced to great extremity. He fet forward from Lincolnshire December the twenty-. ninth, and, being joined by Sir William Brereton, entirely routed, on the twenty-first of January, the lord Byron, who was drawn out to meet them. After that they took several garrisons in Cheshire, particularly Crew-house, &c.

Sir Thomas having stayed in those parts till the middle of March, was ordered back by


his father into Yorkshire, that by the conjunction of their forces he might be abler to take the field. They met about Ferry. bridge ; and colonel Bellasis, governor of York, having advanced to Selby, to hinder their junction, they found means, notwithstanding, to join, and entirely defeated him, on the eleventh of April 1644. This good success rendered Sir Thomas master of the field in Yorkshire, and nothing then hindered him from marching into Northumberland, as he had been ordered by the parliament, to join the Scots, which were kept from advancing southward by the superior forces of the marquis of Newcastle, quartered at Durham. But that stroke having: thrown York into the utmost distraction, the inhabitants speedily sent to the marquis to: halten back thither ; by which means a way was left open for the Scots, who with cold and frequent alarıns were reduced to great extremity. They joined the lord Fairfax at Wetherby, on the twentieth of April, and marching ou to York, laid siege to that city, wherein the marquis of Newcastle had shut himself up; being closely pursued, on the way thither, by Sir Thomas, and major-general Lesley. And when prince Rupert was advancing out of Lancashire to the relief of that place, they marched with fix thousand horse and dragoons, and five thousand foot, to stop his progress : but he eluding their vigilance, and fetching a compass about with his army, which confilted of above twenty-thousand men,


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