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yond the river Euphrates. Others think it was addressed to the Christians residing in Galilee, just before the destruction of Jerusalem : but the concluding admonition, chap. v. 21, Little children, keep yourselves from idols, does not seem to suit with this opinion, as idolatry did not prevail there. Most probably it was directed to all Christians, wheresover dispersed. Some indeed, as it begins with no address, nor hath any of the salutations common to the apostolical epistles, look upon it rather as a written discourse, than as properly an epistle. It is uncertain in what year it was written; but, from some pas. sages in it, most probably about the year of Christ 67, though some think several years later.
CHAP. I. 1 He describeth the person of Christ, in whom we have eternal life, by
a communion with God : 5 to which we must adjoin holiness of life, to testify the truth of that our communion and profession of faith, as also to assure us of the forgiveness of our sins by Christ's death. - A. D. 90. THAT which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked upon, and our hands have handled, of the Word of life;
2 (For the life was e manifested, and we have seen it, and bear witness, and show unto you
See on 2 Per. i. 16.
d John, i. 4: In him was life; and the life was the light of men. do. xi. 25 : Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life : he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live. do. xiv. 6: Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life : no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.
e Rom. xvi. 26 : But now is made manifest, and by the Scriptures of the Prophets, according to the commandment of the everlasting God, made known to all nations for the obedience of faith. 1 John, iii.5: And ye know that he was mani. fested to take away our sins; and in him is no sin. See on John, i. 14.
John, xxi. 24: This is the disciple which testifieth of these things, and wrote these things : and we know that his testi· mony is true. Acts, ii. 32 : This Jesus hath God raised up,
reof.we all are witnesses.
that eternal life, which was with the Father, and was manifested unto us ;)
3 That which we have i seen and heard declare we unto you, that ye also may have fellowship with us : and truly our fellowship is k with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ.
4 And these things write we unto you, that your joy may be full.
5 This then is the m message which we have heard of him, and declare unto you, that God is " light, and in him is no darkness at all.
6 If we say that we have fellowship with him, and walk in darkness, we lie, and do not the truth :2 .
7 But if we Pwalk in the light, as he is in the
wander. Wi. 2 according to the truth. Pu. 8 John, xvii. 3 : And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent. . 1 John, v. 20: This is the true God, and eternal life.
See on John, i. 1, 2. i Acts, iv. 20: For we cannot but speak the things which we have seen and heard. See on Acts, xxii. 14.
k John, xvii. ll: And now I am no more in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to thee. Holy Father, keep through thine own name those whom thou hast given me, that they may be one, as we are. See on 1 Cor. i. 9.
See on John, xv. 11. m 1 John, ii. 7. do. iii. 11 : This is the message that ye heard from the beginning, that we should love one another. 2 JOHN,5: And now I beseech thee, lady, not as though I. wrote a new commandment unto thee, but that which we had from the beginning, that we love one another.
1 Tim. vi. 16: Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto ; whom no man hath seen, nor can see : to whom be honour and power everlasting. Amen. See on John, viii. 12.
• 2 Cor. vi. 14: What fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness ? and what communion hath light with darkness? 1 John, ii. 4. .
P JOHN, xii. 35: Then Jesus said unto them, Yet a little while is the light with you. Walk while ye have the light, lest darkness come upon you : for hé that walketh in darkness knoweth not whither he goeth.
light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son 'cleanseth us from all sin. · 8 $ If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.
9 If we “confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.
10 If we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us.
CHAP. II. I He comforteth them against the sins of infirmity : 3 rightly to know God is to keep his commandments, 9 to love our brethren, 15 and not to love the world : 18 we must beware of seducers : 20 from whose deceits the godly are safe, preserved by perseverance in faith, and holiness of life.
MY little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an a advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous :
2 And he is the propitiation for our sins : andi not for our's only, but also for the sins of the whole world.
3 false. Pu. 91 John, ii. 2. See on Acts, xx. 28. r1 Cor. vi. 11 : Such were some of you : but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.
8 Job, xv. 14: What is man, that he should be clean ? and he which is born of a woman, that he should be righteous ? do. xxv. 4: How then can man be justified with God? or how can he be clean that is born of a woman? See on James, iii. 2.
+ 1 John, ji. 4.
u Job, xxxiii. 27, 28: He looketh upon men, and if any say, I have sinned, and perverted that which was right, and it profited me not; he will deliver his soul from going into the pit, and his life shall see the light. See on 1 Cor. xi. 31.
Ps. li. 2 : Wash me throughly from mine iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin. See on ver. 7.
CHAP. II. . a. See on Rom. viii. 34. b. 1 John, i. 7. See on Rom. iii. 25. • John, i. 29 : The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto
3 And hereby we do know that we know him, if we d keep his commandments.
4 He that saith, I know him, and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth f is not in him.
5 But whoso & keepeth his word, h in him verily is the love of God perfected : hereby know we that we are in him.
6 He that saith he abideth in him lought himself also so to walk, even as he walked.
7 Brethren, n I write no new commandment unto you, but an old” commandment which ye had from the beginning. The old commandment is the word which ye have heard from the beginning.
8 Again, a "new commandment I write unto
2 that old. Co.
I are sure. Co. Ma. Cr. Bi. Gen. are sensible. Pu. Ma. Cr.
be shorthat nation that
him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world. do. iv: 42: We have heard him ourselves, and know that this is indeed the Christ, the Saviour of the world. do. xi. 51, 52: And this spake he not of himself: but being High Priest that year, he prophesied that Jesus should die for that nation; and not for that nation only, but that also he should gather together in one the children of God that were scattered abroad. 1 John, iv. 14: We have seen, and do teş tify, that the Father sent the Son' to be the Saviour of the world.
a See on John, xiv. 15.
e 1 John, i. 6. do. iv. 20 : If a man say, I love God, and hateth his brother, he is a liar.
f John, i. 8.
h 1 John, iv. 12: If we love one another, God dwelleth in us, and his love is perfected in us.
il John, iv. 13: Hereby know we that we dwell in him, and he in us, because he hath given us of his Spirit.
k John, xv. 4,5: Abide in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide in the vine; no more can ye, except ye abide in me. I am the vine, ye are the branches : He that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bring- . eth forth much fruit: for without me ye can do nothing.
See on MAT. xi. 29. · m See on 1 John, i. 5. . See on John, xiii. 34.
you, which thing is true in him and in you.: because the darkness is past, and the P true light now shineth.
9. He that saith he is in the light, and hateth his brother, is in darkness even until now.
10 He that "loveth his brother abideth in the light, and there is ® none occasion of stumbling 3 in him.
11 But he that hateth his brother is in darkness, and u walketh in darkness, and knoweth not whither he goeth, because that darkness hath blinded his eyes.
12 I write unto you, little children, because your sins are forgiven you 'for his name's sake.
13 I write unto you, fathers, because ye have known him that is from the beginning. I write - unto you, young men, because ye have overcome
Gr. scandal. A. V.
• Rom. xiii. 12: Let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light. Eph. v. 8: For ye were sometimes darkness, but now are ye light in the Lord : walk as children of light. 1 Thes. v. 5, 8: Ye are all the children of light, and the children of the day: we are not of the night, nor of darkness. Let us, who are of the day, be sober.
P See on John, viji. 12.
9 1 Cor. xiii. 2 : Though I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries, and all knowledge ; and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not charity, I am nothing. 2 Pet. i. 9: He that lacketh these things is blind, and cannot see afar off. 1 John, iii. 14, 15. .
See on John, xiii. 34.
Lev. xix. 17: Thou shalt not hate thy brother in thine heart: thou shalt in any wise rebuke thy neighbour, and not suffer sin upon him.
u John, xii. 35 : Walk while ye have light, lest darkness come upon you : for he that walketh in darkness knoweth not whither he goeth.
v | John, i. 7. Ps. xxv. 11: For thy name's sake, O LORD, pardon mine iniquity; for it is great. . See on Acts, xiii. 38.