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ei todecrabide itself,

d carried about of winds ; ®trees whose fruit withereth, without fruit, 'twice dead, 6 plucked up by the roots ;

13 h Raging waves of the sea, 'foaming out their own shame; kwandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever.

14 And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord

cometh with ten thousand of his saints, wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest ; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever.

d Eph. iv. 14 : That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, and cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive.

e John, xv. 4–6: Abide in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide in the vine ; no more can ye, except ye abide in me. I am the vine, ye are the branches. He that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit: for without me ye can do nothing. If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered ; and men gather them, and cast them into the fire, and they are burned.

fHEB. vi. 4–6: For it is impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost, and have tasted the good word of God, and the powers of the world to come, if they shall fall away, to renew them again unto repentance; seeing they crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh, and put him to an open shame.

5 MAT. xv. 13 : Every plant, which my heavenly Father hath not planted, shall be rooted up.

b Isa. lvii. 20 : The wicked are like the troubled sea, when it cannot rest, whose waters cast up mire and dirt. i Phi. iii. 19: Whose glory is in their shame.

Rev. viii. 10, 11: And the third angel sounded, and there fell a great star from heaven, burning as it were a lamp, and it fell upon a third part of the rivers, and upon the fountains of waters; and the name of the star is called Wormwood : and the third part of the waters became wormwood; and many men died of the waters, because they were made bitter.

1 2 Pet. ii. 17: The words under ver. 12. m Gen. v. 18: Jared-begat Enoch. * Deut. xxxiii. 2 : And he said, The LORD came from Sinai,

15 To execute judgment upon all, and to convince 10 all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed, and of all their hard speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against him.

16 These are P murmurers, complainers, walking after their own lusts; and their mouth 9 speaketh great swelling words, having men's 'persons in admiration because of advantage..

17 But, beloved, remember ye the words which were spoken before of the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ; ,

18 How that they told you there should be * mockers in the last time, who should walk after their own ungodly lusts.

10 to convict. We. 1 extravagant things. Dod. and rose up from Seir unto them : he shined forth from mount Paran, and he came with ten thousands of saints : from his right hand went a fiery law for them. See on Acts, i. 11.

Sam. ii. 3: Talk no more so exceeding proudly ; let not arrogancy come out of your mouth: for the LORD is a God of knowledge, and by him actions are weighed. Ps. xxxi. 18: Let the lying lips be put to silence; which speak grievous things proudly and contemptuously against the righteous. do. Ixxiii. 8,9: They are corrupt, and speak wickedly concerning oppression : they speak loftily. They set their mouth against the heavens, and their tongue walketh through the earth. do. xciv. 4: How long shall they utter and speak hard things? and all the workers of iniquity boast themselves ? Mal. iii. 13 : Your words have been stout against me, saith the Lord. Yet ye say, What have we spoken so much against thee?

p See on 1 Cor. x. 10. 92 Pet. ii. 18: They speak great swelling words of vanity.

" See on James, ii. 1, 9. : 82 Pet. iii. 2 : That ye may be mindful of the words which were spoken before by the holy prophets, and of the commandment of us the apostles of the Lord and Saviour.

* Acts,xx. 29: I know this, that after my departing shall grievous wolves enter in among you, not sparing the flock. 2 Tim. iv.3: For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears. 2 Pet. ii. 1 : But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall

19 These be they who a separate theinselves, 'sensual,12 having not the Spirit.

20 But ye, beloved, w building up yourselves on 13 your most holy faith, * praying in 14 the Holy


21 Keep yourselves in the love of God, y looking for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ unto eternal life.

22 And of some have compassion, making a difference :

23 And others 'save with fear, “pulling them 12 fleshly. Ma. Cr. Bi. Gen. animal. Ham. 13 in. Pu. "by. Pu. be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damn: able heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction. See on 2 Thes. ii.3.

u Pro. xviii. 1: Through desire a man, having separated himself, seeketh and intermeddleth with all wisdom. 'Ezek. xiv. 7: Every one of the house of Israel, or of the stranger that sojourneth in Israel, which separateth himself from meI the Lord will answer him by myself. Hos. iv. 14: Themselves are separated with whores, and they sacrifice with harlots. do. ix. 10: They went to Baal-peor, and separated themselves unto that shame. HEB. X. 25 : Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is; but exhorting one another, and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching. . See on I Cor. ii. 14.

w Col. ii. 7: Rooted and built up in him, and stablished in the faith, as ye have been taught, abounding therein with thanksgiving. 1 Tim. i. 4: Neither give heed to fables and endless genealogies, which minister questions, rather than godly edifying.

* See on Rom. viii. 26.

y Tit. ij. 13: Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ. 2 Pet. ii. 12: Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat.

2 See on Rom. xi. 14.

a Amos, iv. 11: I have overthrown some of you, as God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah, and ye were as a firebrand plucked out of the burning: yet have ye not returned unto me, saith the LORD. Zec.iii. 2 : And the Lord said unto Satan,

out of the fire ; hating even the garment spotted by the flesh.

24 Now unto him that is able to keep you from falling, and d to present you faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding joy,

25 e To the only wise God our Saviour, be * glory and majesty, dominion' and power, both now and ever. Amen.15

15 To the only God our Saviour, through Jesus Christ our Lord, be glory, majesty, power, and authority, before all the ages, and now, and to all ages. Amen. Ham.

The LORD rebuke thee, O Satan ; even the LORD that hath chosen Jerusalem rebuke thee : is not this a brand plucked out of the fire ? 1 Cor. iii. 15: Ifany man's work shall be burned, he shall suffer loss : but he himself shall be saved : yet so as by fire.

o Zec. ii. 4, 5: Take away the filthy garments from himI will clothe thee with change of raiment.-So they set a fair mitre upon his head, and clothed him with garments. Rev. iii. 4: Thou hast a few names even in Sardis which have not defiled their garments. c See on Rom. xvi. 25, 27. .

Col. i. 22 : In the body of his flesh through death, to present you holy and unblameable and unreproveable in his sight.

e 1 Tim. ii. 3: For this is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Saviour. See on Rom. xvi. 27.



The Book of the Revelation had an early and general reception among Christians, as the writing of the apostle St. John; but (which is a very extraordinary circumstance, and what has not happened to any other book of the New Testament, after its reception,) about the beginning of the third century, and afterwards, it become controverted on both sides among many, who the author of it was ; whether John the apostle, or some other Joha. Jerome speaks of it as a book which the greater part of the Greek churches did not adınit into the number of the canonical scriptures ; which is confirmed by the testimonies of Basil, Gregory Nyssen, Gregory Nazianzen, and the council of Laodicea. On the other hand, Justin, who within thirty years after the apostle John's death became a Christian, and Melito of Sardis, and Irenæus, about thirty years later; and Theophilus of Antioch, and Clement of Alexandria, and Origen, all writers of early date in Christianity, did unani. mously ascribe this book to the apostle St. John; and the Christian church nearest the times of writing it, received it with so full consent, that in a very few years it was acknowledged, and placed in the number of apostolical writings, not only by the churches of Asia, but by the neighbouring churches of Syria and Samaria, by the more distant churches of Africa and Egypt, by Rome and the other churches of Europe. What made it to be doubted of afterwards by many, seems to have been the difficulty of the book, the reign of a thousand years with Christ, mentioned in it, being misunderstood, and interpreted in a too lateral sense, and sects of enthusiasts arising, who pretended without any foundation to be in the Spirit, and to foretel wars and commotions ; wbich it is bighly probable they did in the style of the Revelation. These prejudices raised against it, rather than any certain reasons, as far as appears now, made many of the Greeks to doubt of it, and some of them even to absolutely reject it: for Dionysius, Bishop of Alexandria, says, “ Some of our ancestors disowned, and wholly rejected, this book; confuting every chapter, &c. and they say it is not John's.” But as these writers do not appear to have given any proofs that it was not John's, their merely saying that it was not makes nothing against its authority

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