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of two huge rivers, and backed provided vegetables, but has by mountain - chains, is very been ,

of fattening beautiful, and the scenery in cattle, sheep, guinea-fowl, and general recalled South Africa turkeys procured from the

who had seen the natives, so that the Europeans kloopfs and kopjes. At Jebba have never wanted for fresh the stream is not so broad, and food, and have even been able is pent in between high stony to supply the gunboats. The cliffs : above the island itself- black soldiers receive a weekly one of many in the river—rises ration of guinea corn and trade the great Jebba rock at the beef; it is prepared for them by foot of the rapids,—a huge crag their women. The Yorubas

prein mid - stream, wooded at its fer yams, but it has hitherto been base, but bare and bald for its hard to get these. The recruitupper half. Sport is still only ing has gone on steadily, till a matter of anticipation, for both battalions are nearly, if the officers have been too hard not quite, up to strength. With at work to spare the time the 1st battalion, which began needed to hunt big game in with a nucleus of Hausas, the the dense bush ; but plenty of original difficulty was to enlist tracks have been seen, both of Yorubas; and, with Fitzgerelephants and lions, and no ald's, which began by enrolling doubt in easier times there will Yorubas, the opposite was the be good bags made by men

Hausas and Yorubas stationed at Jebba. For the being enemies, it was hard to moment it is worth while to induce either of them to enlist note two very important ex- in a regiment recruited, apparperiments that were tried to ently, from another and not a make life less uncomfortable. friendly race; but once one or A soda - water machine was two companies were organised, brought out and put under the things went on more easily. charge of a non-commissoned What has been said of the officer who had learnt the work work done at Jebba describes in India. All the water was also in rough outline that carboiled in a huge copper before ried out at Lokoja by Lieut.being aerated, and thus a drink Colonel Pilcher and his officers

available in which the with the 1st battalion. In microbes could find no harbour- short, the force, which age.

Still more interesting started in a somewhat experiwas the regimental farm of the mental way a year ago, is now 2nd battalion, started under the one that can be counted upon, direction of Captain the Hon. and its officers may be heartily Fitzroy Somerset of the Grena- congratulated on the results of dier Guards. This has not only their work.




Printed by William Blackwood and Sons.

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It will have occurred to al- body's business being nobody's most every one who spends a business,

business, — comparatively few considerable portion of the year have found out its possibilities. in London, that the people of A more general æsthetic enjoythe Metropolis do not make so ment of the river's enchantment great a use of the Thames as —the mystery of the Pool, the might be expected. A little wonderful robes of blue and inquiry shows that they are not silver and gold and russet in given the means of using it which it clothes itself when which they ought to be. The Night descends between the good-humour of Londoners suf- bridges — we ought not, per

fers long before it is unable to haps, to look for; but we might withstand the friction of which expect it to be used to relieve itself is the polished product. the congested traffic of the railLondoners take their pleasures ways and streets, instead of dismore gladly probably than most graced by the meanest service of their countrymen, but do not of river-steamers that ever plied, (to use an angling term) "bait and to be so regulated as to the swim” for them. With the afford comfort to the holiday need of playgrounds becoming boater, and a decent accommore urgent daily, they are modation for the citizen who content to enjoy themselves in desires a dip. Londoners have such only as are opened for not awakened, as one day they them, and seldom seek new ones must, to the play-ground they for themselves; and as there is possess in their great river. no one to adapt the Thames to When they have, they will their uses,—that which is every- marvel to think that ever they VOL. CLXV.-NO. MII.

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allowed it to be so scandalously numbers, and still more their neglected and mismanaged as wide social range, — for the it is.

Thames anglers do not belong There is in London, however, to the artisan and middle classes a body of men who are by no only, but include men occupymeans insensible to the value of ing high positions in the Church the Thames—the anglers; and and the State and eminent in the it may be conceded that the arts and literature,—make them River Conservancy, in so far as a body of very considerable inthey have legislated in respect fluence. Of necessity, they angle to the Thames anglers at all, chiefly for coarse fish; and it and howsoever much they may may be that there are readers have done so under pressure, of · Maga’ who conceive of the have managed in the main to angler for coarse fish as the legislate in their best interests. mild lunatic so often pictured The club anglers of London—a in the pages of 'Punch.' If so, characteristic race—have other they may be quickly undeceived. fishing-grounds, of course. The Many of the regular Thames Lea, Izaak Walton's river, is anglers are to be found in the nearer the doors of

many of season on the banks of salmon them. Not that they object to and trout rivers, and very notgo far afield for their sport. able sportsmen they are there. Every Sunday morning in sum- Moreover, the tackle and the mer, London Bridge Station is methods of approaching the crowded with working - men fish employed on a greatly overanglers, with roach - poles in fished river like the Thames, hand, and boxes and baskets of where year by year the fish are most ingenious internal economy being educated to a higher state slung over their shoulders, wait- of acuteness, are such as to ing with wives and families for qualify those who are expert special trains to carry them to with them to angle for almost the banks of the Arun, sixty any fish in almost any water. miles away in Sussex, or through On the Thames, where many of Kent to fish the Medway at the roach-swims approximate to Tunbridge or at Yalding. But those of the Lea, slow and the Thames is the favourite subtle, there is practised chiefly holiday - ground of the metro- the fascinating Lea style of politan club anglers, of whom, roach-fishing, with long, stiff, it is estimated, there are en- tapered pole and tight line, as rolled some seven or eight thou- opposed to the short rod with sand; and if we include the long and running line preferred members of the Reading, Hen- by the Nottingham fishers. To ley, and other up-river associa- kill roach by either method detions, and the holiday and un- mands a skill that no fly-fisher attached anglers of all sorts and need sneer at. And fly-fishers conditions, we may at a very are not absent from Thames moderate computation put down side. They are to be found on the number of those who fish the shallows outside the Nathe Thames at 15,000. Their tional Gardens at Kew, and in

But an

the tideway, busy with the the Thames have been doing exdace,—and he who can hit a cellent work, and have shown a dace in a “full” water, with rare public spirit by their efforts such tackle as they use, ought to provide sport in the river of to be able to kill trout any- the metropolis for a large and where. Again, in the summer estimable section of the inhabmonths, fly - fishing for chub itants. under the leafy boughs is a The stocking operations of favourite sport with Thames the Associations have not been anglers; and, when speaking of confined to coarse fish. From expertness, we must mention time to time they have turned the remarkable skill they have into the river and its tributaries developed in “trotting down” small quantities of levenensis a dainty bait for chub—singu- and fario, and have planted ova larly pretty work.

on natural redds. The Henleyapology for the Thames coarse- on-Thames and District Fishery fish anglers surely is not neces- Preservation Society, which we sary. The expert fly-fisher is instance because its report has the first to acknowledge their come into our hands, has hanskill in their own sport. Their dled in the course of re-stocking, enthusiasm and attachment to between 1883 and 1898, some their favourite swim are notori- 7000 trout, yearlings and twoous, and their patience is only year-olds, of various kinds, and exaggerated in the slanderous over 11,000 trout - fry, and in prints already referred to. As these fifteen years has planted they have increased in numbers about 170,000 ova. That the and in skill, the stock of coarse turning - in of trout into the fish, prolific and hardy as these river is not without beneficial are, has been threatened with results to-day is evident enough. depletion, and a section of the We may note one indication of Thames anglers have been ready it. The Thames trout proper to associate themselves in socie- —the trout indigenous to the ties, which, besides their pro- Thames, that is — runs to tective work, have from time to great size : the standard for it time netted reservoirs and pri- is fixed by the Conservancy Act vate waters for fish to turn into at 3 lbs., at which weight it the river. Whether these well- does not rise to the fly. The meant efforts at restocking have proposal is now made, we underalways been wise may be open stand on the initiative of Mr to doubt. We ourselves have a William Senior, to lower the strong conviction that in stock- standard for trout taken by the ing a water, whether with fly, so as to enable the fly-fishers coarse fish or with Salmonida, to try their hand on trout on it is best as far as possible to the river. This lowering of the use fish propagated in the water standard, which involves the itself; and further, that this is risk of the young indigenous far more often possible than is Thames trout being taken under generally believed. But, spite 3 lbs., would never have been of mistakes, the Associations on made with the sanction of so

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great an authority, we imagine, will give its support to the Bill were it not assured that the for establishing a close season stocking with Lochlevens and for trout in Scotland, originally fario has produced a consider- introduced into the House of able head of trout in the river. Commons by Sir Herbert MaxBut, on the other hand, as the well, and advocated by him knowledge of pisciculture im- with a gallant persistence. The proves, it becomes very evident absolutely disgraceful condition that the methods of re-stocking of the law regarding trouton the Thames hitherto have fishing in Scotland has been been too intermittent to be ade- maintained in the face of the quate to the end in view. So wishes of every respectable far as the conversion of the angler in that country by a Thames into a game-fish river Radical concession to lawlessis concerned, the operations ness and political combinawith trout have been the merest tion nothing short of immoral, experiments.

which it is indeed high time But, it will be asked by to break down; and there is the majority of people, Who reason to believe that in the ever dreamed of turning the reform of the more crying evil, Thames into a game-fish river? the need of stocking measures Well, we suppose that this has will not be forgotten. These been the dream of the most some of the signs that notable ondon anglers for nak us hope for a more enyears, and it seems now to lightened state of the public be brought within the range mind regarding river manageof practical angling politics. ment and sporting rights; alThere is a movement in this though they are a poor set-off forward direction, and, so far to the illustration of the genas we can judge who are out- eral indifference to piscicultural side of circles and inner circles science to be found in the defrom which angling politics liberate neglect of the Buck

directed, the movement land Museum. And to them has a strong force behind it. has to be added the present We should be glad to think movement the Thames. that it is part of a general The Restocking Association protest throughout the whole and other Preservation Socicountry against the mismanage- eties have virtually determined ment of our rivers, which at on the establishment of public present is nothing short of dis- hatcheries. The angling dovegraceful, and in support of more cots have been fluttered further adequate protection and pre- by the appearance of a Thames servation of the head of fish, Salmon Association, to which and especially of game-fish, in the Fly - fishers' Club has exthem. There are not wanting tended its benign countenance signs of this general protest. and a subscription in guineas. There is a likelihood, it appears. It would seem, if we are to beof early legislation on river lieve enthusiasts, that the sensapollution. We have also reason tional headings of the evening to believe that the Government press are to be realised, and that



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