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And well consider of them: Make good speed.- And changes fill the cup of alteration

[Erit Page. With divers liquors! O, if this were seen, How many thousand of my poorest subjects The happiest youth,-viewing his progross through, Are at this houi asleep !--O sleep, 0 gentle sleep, What perils past, what crosses to ensue,-Nature's soft nurse, how have I frighted thee, Would shut the book, and sit him down and die. That thou no more wilt weigh my eyelids down, 'Tis not ten years gone, And steep my senses in forgetfulness?

Since Richard, and Northumberland, great friends, Why rather, sleep, liest thou in smoky cribs, Did feast together, and, in two years after, Upon uneasy pallets stretching thee,

Were they at wars: It is but eight years since And hush'd with buzzing night-fies to thy slumber; This Percy was the man nearest my soul ; Than in the perfun’d chambers of the great,

Who like a brother toil'd in my affairs, Under the canopies of costly state,

And laid his love and life under my foot; And lulld with sounds of sweetest melody? Yea, for my sake, even to the eves of Richard, O thou dull god, why liest thou with the vile, Gave him defiance. But which of you was by, In loathsome beds ; and leav'st the kingly couch, (You, cousin Nevil,'' as I may remember,) A watch-case,' or a common 'larum bell?

[To WARWICK. Wilt thou upon the high and giddy mast

When Richard,—with his eves brimfull of tears, Seal up the ship-boy's eyes, and rock his brains Then check'd and rated by Northumberland, In cradle of the rude imperious surge ;

Did speak these words, now prov'd a prophecy ? And in the visitation of the winds,

Northumberland, thou ladder, by the which Who take the ruffian billows by the top,

My cousin Bolingbroke ascends my throne ;Curling their monstrous heads, and hanging them Though then, heaven knows, I had no such intent; With deal”ning clamours in the slippery clouds, But that necessity so bow'd the state, That, with the hurly,' death itself awakes ? That I and greatness were compell’d to kiss : Canst thou, O partial sleep! give thy repose The time shall come, thus did he follow it, To the wet sea-boy in an hour so rude;

The time will come, that foul sin, gathering head,
And, in the calmest and most stillest night, Shall break into corruplion :-s0 went on,
With all appliances and means to boot,

Foretelling this same time's condition,
Deny it to a king? Then, happy low,' lie down! And the division of our amily.
Uneasy lies the head that wears a crown.

War. There is a history in all men's lives,

Figuring the nature of the time's deceas'd:

The which observ'd, a man may prophesy, War. Many good morrows to your majesty! With a near aim, of the main chance of ihings K. Hen. Is it good morrow, lords?

As yet not come to life; which in their seeds, War. 'Tis one o'clock, and past.

And weak beginnings, líe intreasured, K. Hen. Why then, good morrows to you all, my Such things become the hatch and brood of time ; lords,

And, by the necessary form of this,
Have you read o'er the letters that I sent you ? King Richard might create a perfect guess,
War. We have, my liege.

That great Northumberland, then false to him, K. Hen. Then you perceive, the body of our Would, of that seed, grow to a greater falesness ; kingdom

Which should not find a ground to root upon, How foul it is; what rank diseases grow,

Unless on you. And with what danger, near the heart of it.

K. Hen. Are these things then necessities ? War. It is but as a body, yet, distemper'd. Then let us meet them like necessities :Which to his former strength may be restor’d,

And that same word even now cries out on us ; With good advice, and little medicine :

They say, the bishop and Northumberland My Lord Northumberland will soon be conl'd.

Are fifty thousand strong. K. Hen. O heaven! that one might read the book


It cannot be, my lord ; of fate ;

Rumour doth double, like the voice and echo, And see the revolution of the times

The numbers of the fear'd ;-Please it your grace Make mountains level, and the continent

To go to bed; upon my life, my lord, (Weary of solid firmness) melt itself

The powers that you already have sent forth, Into the sea! and, other times, to sce

Shall bring this prize in very easily. The beachy girdle of the ocean

To comfort you the more, I have receiv'd Too wide for Neptune's hips ;' how chances mock, A certain instance, that Glendower is dead."

Your majesty hath been this fortnight ill ; meate is eaten out of due season. By several statutes made in the reigns of Queen Elizabeth and King James 6 Distempered means disordered, sick ; being only 1. for the regulation and observance of fish days, victu in that state which foreruns or produces diseases. allers were expressly forbidden to utter flesh in Lent. 7 When I have seen the hungry ocean gain The brothels were formerly screened under the pre- Advantage on the kingdom of the shore, tence of being victualling-houses and taverns.

And the firm soil win of the wat'ry main, 1 A watch case here mav mean the case of a watch- Increasing store with loss, and loss with store, light; but the following a cicle, cited by Sirut in his When I have seen such interchange of state, &c. Manners and Customs. vol. iii. p. 70, from an old inven.

Shakspeare's sirty-fourth Sonnet tory, may throw some light upon it: Item, a laume 8 This and the three following lines are from the (larum) or walche of iron, in an iron cuse, with two quarto copy. Johnson having misunderstood the line leaden plumets.'

What perila past, what crosses to ensue;' » Some of the officious modern editors altered clouds it may be necessary to remark that the perils are spa to shrouds, meaning the rope ladders of a ship, ihus ken of prospectively, as seen by the youth in the book marring the poet's noble image. Steevens judiciously of fate. The construction is, 'What perils having been opposed himself in this alteration, but was wrong in past, what crosses are to ensue.! asserting that'shrouds had anciently the same mean. 9 The reference is to King Richard II. Act iv. Sc. 2: ing as clouds.". Shroudes were covertures, hiding pla- but neither Warwick nor the king were present at that ces of any kind, aerial or otherwise. This will be found conversation. Henry had then ascended the throne ; the meaning of the word in all the passages ciled by either the king's or the poet's memory failed him. Steevens. That clouds was the poet's word there can 10 The earldom of Warwick was at this time in the be no doubt.

family of Beauchamp, and did not come into that of the 3 Hurly is a noise or tumult. As hurly-burly in the Nevils till many years after : when Anne, the daughter first scene of Macbeth. See note there.

of this earl, married Richard Nevil, son of the earl of 4 Warburton's conjecture, that this is a corrupt read. Salisbury, who makes a conspicuous figure in the Third ing for happy lowly clown, deserves attention

Part of King Henry VI. under the title of Earl of War Š This mode of phraseology, where only two persons wick. are addressed, is not very correct; but Shakspeare has 11 Glendower did not die till after King Henry IV. used it again in King Henry VI. Part 2. where York Shakspeare was led into this error by Holinshed. Vido addresses his two friends Salisbury and Warwick. note on the First Part of King Honry IV. Acı iii. Sc. 1.

And these ungeasond hours, perforce, must add | and fourteen and a half, that it would have done a Unto your sickness.

man's heart good to see.-How a score of ewes K. Hen.

I will take your counsel: now? And, were these inward wars once out of hand, Sil. Thereafter as they be: a score of good ewes We would, dear lords, unto the Holy Land. may be worth ten pounds.

(Exeunt. Shal. And is old Double dead! SCENE II. Court before Justice Shallow's House Enter BARDOLPH, and one with him.

m Gloucestershire, Enter SHALLOW and Si- Sil. Here come two of Sir John Falstaff's men, LENCE, meeting; Mouldy, Sundow, WART, as I think. FEEBLE, BULL-CALF, and Servants, behind. Bard. Good morrow, honest gentlemen: I beo

Shal. Come on, come on, come on; give me your seech you, which is Justice Shallow ? hand, sir, give me your hand, sir: an early stirrer, Shal. I'am Robert Shallow, sir; a poor esquire by the rood.' And how doth my good cousin Silence of this county, and one of the king's justices of the Sil. Good morrow, good cousin Shallow. peace : What is your good pleasure with me?

Shul. And how doth my cousin, your bedfellow? Bard. My captain, sir, commends him to you ; and your fairest daughter, and mine, my god-daugh- my captain, Sir John Falstaff'; a tall gentleman, ter Ellen?

by heaven, and a most gallant leader. Sil. Alas, a black orzel, cousin Shallow.

Shal. He greets me well, sir; I knew him a good Shal. By yea and nay, sir, I dare say, my cousin backsword-man: How doth the good knight ? may William is become a good scholar: He is at Oxford, I ask, how my lady his wife doib? still, is he not ?

Bard. Sir, pardon; a soldier is better accommoSil. Indeed, sir ; to my cost.

dated, than with a wife. Shal. He must then to the inns of court shortly : Shal. It is well said, in faith, sir ; and it is well I was once of Clement's inn, where, I think, they said indeed 100. Better accommodated Sit is will talk of mad Shallow yet.

good: yea, indeed, it is: good phrases are surely, Si. You were called-lusty Shallow, then, cousin. and ever were, very commendable. Accommo

Shal. By the mass, I was called any thing; and Jated !-it comes from accommodo : very good; a I would have done any thing, indeed, and roundly good phrase.8 too. There was I, and little John Doit of Stafforija Bard. Pardon me, sir ; I have heard the word. shire, and black George Bare, and Francis Pick- Phrase, call you is? By this good day, I know not bone, and Will Squele a Cotswold man,?-you had the phrase; but I will maintain the word with my Bot four such swinge-bucklers) in all the inns of sword, to be a soldierlike word, and a word of excourt again : and, I may say to you, we knew where ceeding good command. Accommodated : That is, the bona-robas* were ; and had the best of them all when a man is, as they say, accommodated; or, at commandment. Then was Jack Falstafl, now when a man is,-being, -whereby,-he may be Sir John, a boy: and page to Thomas Mowbray, thought to be accommodated; which is an exceiduke of Norfolk.

lent thing. Si. This Sir John, cousin, that comes hither

Enter FALSTAFF. anon about soldiers ?

Shal. It is very just :-Look, here comes good Shal. The same Sir John, the very same. I saw Sir John.-Give me your good hand, give me your him break Skogan's head at the court gate, when worship’s good hand: By my troth, you look well, ho was a crack, not thus high: and the very same and bear your years very well : welcome, good day did I fight with one Sampson Stockfish, a Sir John. fruiterer, behind Gray's Inn. O, the mad days that I have spent! and to see how many of mine old bert Shallow :--Master Sure-card, as I think.

Fal. I am glad to see you well, good master Roacquaintance are dead!

Shal. No, Sir John; it is my cousin Silence, in Sil. We shall all follow, cousin.

commission with me. Shal. Certain, 'tís certain ; very sure, very sure: Fal. Good master Silence, it well befits you death, as the Psalmist saith, is certain to all: all should be of the peace. shall die. How a good yoke of bullocks at Stam

Sil. Your good worship is welcome. ford fair ?

Fal. Fye! this is hot weather.-Gentlemen, have Sil. Truly, cousin, I was not there.

you provided me here half a dozen sufficient men ? Shal. Death is certain.-Is old Double of

your Shal. Marry, have we, sir. Will you sit? town living yet?

Fal. Let me see them, I beseech you. Sil. Dead, sir.

Shal. Where's the roll? where's the roll? where's Shal. Dead !-See, see !-he drew a good bow;--| the roll ?-Let me see, let me see. So, so, so, so: And dead !-he shot a fine shoot :-John of Gaunt Yea, marry, sir :-Ralph Mouldy :- let them aploved him well, and betted much money on his head. pear as I call; let them do so, let them do so.— Dead !-he would have clapped i'the clout at twelve Let me see ; Where is Mouldy? score ;' and carried you a forehand shaft a fourteen

saunt paxtime, he plajed many sporting parts, althoughe 1 The rood is the cross or crucifix. Rode, Sax. not in such uncivil manner as hath bene of hym re.

2 The Cotswold Hills in Gloucestershire were famous ported. The uncivil reports have relation to the above for rural sports of all kinds ; by distinguishing Will jests. Ben Jonson introduces Scogan with Skelton in Squele as a Cotswold man, Shallow meant to have it his Masque of The Fortunate Isles, and describes hiw understood that he was well versed in manly exercises, thus :and consequently of a daring spirit and athletic cousti.

Skogan, what was he? tution.

o, a fine gentleman, and master of arts 3 Sroinge-bucklers and suash-bucklers were terms of Henry the Fourth's time, that made disguises implying rakes and rioters in the time of Shakspeare. For the king's sons, and writ in ballad royal See a note on sword and buckler men in the First Part Daintily well.of King Henry IV. Acı i. Sc. 3.

In rhyme, fine tinkling rhyme, and flowing verse, 4 Buona-roba as we say, good stuff; a good whole. With now and then some sense! and he was paid for the some plump-cheeked wench: Florio.

Regarded, and rewarded; which few poets 5 There has been a doughty dispute between Mes. Are nowadays." sieurs Ritson and Malone whether there were two Sco. 6 A crack is a boy. gang, Henry and John, or only one. Shakspeare pro. 7 Hit the white mark at twelve score yards. By the bably got his idea of Scogan from his jesis, which were statute 33 Hen. VIII. c. 9, every person turned of sevenpublished by Andrew Borde in the reign of King Henry teen years of age, who shoots at a less distance than VIII. Holinshed, speaking of the distinguished persons twelve score, is to forfeit six shillings and eight pence. of King Edward the Fourth's time, mentions Scogan, 8 It appears that it was fashionable in the poet's time 8 learned gentleman, and student for a time in Oxford, of to introduce this word accommodate upon all occasions á pleasaunte witte, and bent to mery devises, in respecte Ben Jonson, in his Discoveries, calls it one of the perwhereof he was called into the courte, where giving fumed terins of the time. The indefinite use of it is well himself to his natural inclination of mirthe and plea- ridiculed by Bardolph's vain attempt to define it.

Moul. Here, an't please you.

Fal. 'Fore God, a likely fellow -Come, prick Shal. What think you, Sir John ? a good limbed me Bull-calf till he roar again. fellow : young, strong, and of good friends.

Bull. O lord! good my lord captain,Ful. Is thy name Mouldy?

Fal. What, dost thou roar before thou art pricked? Moul. Yva, an't please you.

Bull. O lord, sir! I am a diseased man. Fal. "Tis the more time thou wert used.

Ful. What disease hast thou? Shal. Ha, ha, ha! most excellent, i'faith! things, Bull. A whoreson cold, sir; a cough, sir ; which that are mouldý, lack use : Very singular good ! - I caught with ringing in the king's affairs, upon his In faith, well said, Sir John ; very well said. coronation-day, sir. Fal. Prick him.

To Shallow. Fal. Come, thou shalt go to the wars in a gown; Moul. I was pricked well enough before, an you we will have away thy cold; and I will take such could have let me alone : my old dame will be un- order, that ihy friends shall ring for thee.--Is here done now, for one to do her husbandry, and her all ? drudgery : you need not to have pricked me; there Shal. Here is two more called than your num. are other men fitter to go out than I.

ber; you must have but four here, sir ;-and so, I Fal. Go to; peace, Mouldy, you shall go, pray you, go in with me to dinner. Mouldy, it is time you were spent.

Fal. Come, I will go drink with you, but I cannot Moul. Spent !

tarry dinner. I am glad to see you, in good troth, Shal. Peace, fellow, peace; stand aside; Know master Shallow. you where you are ?-For the other, Sir John :- Shal. O, Sir John, do you remember since we let me see ;-Simon Shadow !

lay all night in the windmill in Saint George's Fal. Ay marry, let me have him to sit under: Fields. he's like to be a cold soldier.

Fal. No more of that, good master Shallow, no Shal. Where's Shadow ?

more of that. Shad. Here, sir.

Shal. Ha, it was a merry night. And is Jane Ful. Shadow, whose son art thou ?

Night-work alive? Shnt. My mother's son, sir ?.

Ful. She lives, master Shallow. Fal. Thy mother's son ! like enough; and thy Shal. She never could away with me.? father's shadow: so the son of the female is the Fal. Never, never: she would always say, she shadow of the male : It is often so, indeed; but not could not abide master Shallow. much of the father's substance.

Shal. By the mass, I could anger her to the Shal. Do you like him, Sir John?

heart. She was then a bona-roba. Doth she hold Fal. Shadow will serve for summer,-prick him; her own well ? -for we have a number of shadows to fill up the Fol. Old, old, master Shallow. muster book.

Shal. Nay, she must be old; she cannot choose Shal. Thomas Wart!

but be old; certain, she's old; and had Robin Ful. Where's he?

Night-work by old Night-work, before I came to Wart. IIere, sir.

Clement's Inn. Fal. Is thy name Wart?

Sil. That's fifty-five years ago. Wart. Yea, sir.

Shal. Ha, cousin Silence, that thou hadst seen Fal. Thou art a very ragged wart.

that that this knight and I have seen !-Ha, Sir Shal. Shall I prick him, Sir John ?

John, said I well ? Fal. It were superfluous ; for his apparel is built Fal. We have heard the chimes at midnight, upon his back, and the whole frame stands upon master Shallow. pins: prick him no more,

Shal. That we have, that we have, that we have Shal. Ha, ha, ha!-you can do it, sir ; you can in faith, Sir John, we have; our watch-word 'was, do il : I commend you well.–Francis Feeble! Hem, boys !--Come, let's to dinner ; come, let's to Fee. Here, sir.

dinner :-0, the days that we have seen!-Come, Fal. Whai trade art thou, Feeble?

(Exeunt Fau. SHAL. anul SILENCE. Fee. A woman's tailor, sir.

Bull. Good master corporate Bardolph, stand Sha. Shall I prick him , sir?

my friend ; and here is four Harry ten shillings? in Fal. You may: but if he had been a man's tailor, French crowns for you. In very truth, sir, s hart he would have pricked you.-Wilt thou make as as lief be hanged, sir, as go: and yet, for mine own many holes in an enemy's battle, as thou hast done part, sir, I do not care; but rather, because I am in a woman's petticoat?

unwilling, and, for mine own part, have a desire to Fee. I will do my good will, sir ; you can have stay with my friends ; else, sir, I did not care, fur no more.

mine own part, so much. Fal. Well said, good woman's tailor! well said, Bard. Go to; stand aside. courageous Feeble! Thou wilt be as valiant as the Moul. And, good master corporal captain, for my wrathful dove, or most magnaniinons mouse.- old dame's sake, stand my friend : she has nobody Prick the woman's tailor well, master Shallow; deep, to do any thing about her, when I am gone: and master Shallow.

she is old, and cannot help herself: you shall have Fee. I would, Wart might have gone, sir. forty, sir,

Fal. I would, thou wert a man's tailor ; that thou Bard. Go to; stand aside. might'st mend him, and make him fit to go. I can- Fee. By my troth, I care not;-a man can die not put him to a private soldier, that is the leader of but on ;---we owe God a death ;-I'll ne'er bear so many thousands: Let that suffice, most forcible a base mind :-an't be my destiny, so; an't be not, Feeble.

so : No man's too good to serve his prince; and Fee. It shall suffice, sir.

let it go which way it will, he that dies this year Fal. I am bound to thee, reverend Feeble.-Who is quit for the next. is next?

Bard. Well said ; thou'rt a good fellow.
Shal. Peter Bull-calf of the green!

Fee. 'Faith, I'll bear no base mind.
Fal. Yea, marry, let us sec Bull-calf.
Bull. Here, sir.

Re-enter Falstaff, and Justices.

Fal. Come, sir, which men shall I have ? 1 There is in fact but one more called than Falstaff required, perhaps we might with Mr. Capel omit the tidis connubia vitat. I cannot away to be guilty of dis. word turo.

sembling : Non sustineo esse conscius mihi dissimu. 2 This was a common expression or dislike ; which lanti." is even used at a later period by Lock, in his Conduct 3 There were no coins of ten shillings value in Henry of the Understanding. "It is of some artiquity also; for the Fourth's time. Shakspeare's Harry len shillings I find it frequently in Horman's Vulgaria, 1519:- He were those of Henry VII. or VIII. He thought that cannot away to marry Thetis, or to lie with her : The-those might do for any other Henry.



you well.

Shal. Four, of which you please.

Fal. These fellows will do well, master Shallow Bard. Sir,' a word with you :-I have three -God keep you, master Silence; I will not use pound: 10 free Mouldy and Búll-calf.

many words with you :-Fare you well, gentlemen Fal. Go to; well.

both: thank


I must a dozen mile to-night.Shal. Come, Sir John, which four will you have? Bardolph, give the soldiers coats. Fal. Do you choose for me.

Shal. Sir John, heaven bless you, and prosper Shal. Marry then, Mouldy, Bull-calf, Feeble, your affairs, and send us peace! As you return, and Shadow

visit my house; let our old acquaintance be renews Fal. Moulay, and Bull-calf:-For you, Mouldy, ed : peradventure, I will with you to the court. stay at home till you are past service :-and, for Fal. I would you would, master Shallow. your part, Bull-calf,-grow till you come unto it; Shal. Go to; I have spoke, at a word. Fare I will none of you.

[Ereunt Shallow and SILENCE. Shal. Sir John, Sir John, do not yourself wrong: Fal. Fare you well, gentle gentlemen. On, Barthey are your likeliest men, and I would have you dolph; lead the men away. (Excunt BARDOLPH, served with the best.

Recruits, &.c.) As I return, I will fetch off these Fal. Will you tell me, master Shallow, how to justices : I do see the bottom of Justice Shallow. choose a man? Care I for the limb, the thewes, Lord, lord, how subject we old men are to this vice the stature, bulk, and big assemblance of a man of lying! This same starved justice hath done noGive me the spirit, master Shallow. Here's Wart; thing but prate to me of the wildness of his youth, ---you see what a ragged appearance it is: he shall and the fears he had done about Turnbull Sireet ! charge you, and discharge you, with the motion of and every third wordd a lie, duer paid to the hearer a pewterer's hammer; come off, and on, swifter than the Turk's tribute. '1 do remember him at than he that gibbets-on the brewer's bucket. And Clement's Inn, like a man made after supper of a this same half-fac'd fellow, Shadow, give me this cheese-paring: when he was naked, he was, for all man; he presents no mark to the enemy : the foe- the world like a forked radish, with a head fantasman may with as great aim level at the edge of a tically carved upon it with a knife : he was so fora penknife : And, for a retreat,-how swifily will this lorn, that his dimensions to any thick sight were Feeble, the woman's tailor, run off? O, give me the invincible :10 he was the very Genius of famine; spare men, and spare me the great ones.-Put me yet lecherous as a monkey, and the whores called a calivere into Wart's hand, Bardolph.

him mandrake :11 he came ever in the rear-ward Bard. Hold, Wart, traverse:* thus, thus, thus. of the fashion; and sung thuse tunes to the over

Fal. Come, manage me your caliver.' So :- scutched"2 huswives that he heard the carmen whisvery well :-go to :-very good :-exceeding good. tle, and swear-they were his fancies, or his good-0, give me always a litile, lean, old, chapped, bald nights.13 And now is this Vice's dagger14 become shot. _Well said, i' faith' Wart; thou'rt a good a squire, and talks as familiarly of . of Gaunt, scab: hold, there's a tester for thee.

as if he had been sworn brother to him: and I'll be Shal. He is not his craft's-master, he doth not do sworn he never saw him but once in the Tilt-yard ; it right. I remember at Mile-end green (when I and then he burst's his head, for crowding among lay at Clement's Inn, was then Sir Dagonet in the marshal's men. I saw it; and told John of Arthur's show,)' there was a little quiver fellow, Gaunt, he beat his own name

me;le for you might and 'a would manage you his piece thus : and 'a have truss'd him, and all his apparel, into ani eelwould about, and about, and come you in, and skin; the case of a treble haut-boy was a mansion come you in : rah, lah, tah, would ’a say; bounce, for him, a court; and now has he land and beeves. would''a say; and away again would 'a go, and Well; I will be acquainted with him, if I return : again would'a come :-I shall never see such a fel- and it shall go hard, but I will make him a philolow.

sopher's two stones' to me: If the young dace be

1 Bardolph was to have four pound : perhaps hc | adinirably heightened the rilicule of Shallow's vanity means to conceal part of his profit.

and folly, by making him boast in this parenthesis that 2 Shakspeare uses themes in a sense almost pecu. he was Sir Daganel, who, though one of the knights, is liar to himself, for muscular strength or sineus. also represented in the romance as King Arthur's fool.

3 A calirer was less and lighter than a musket; and This society is also noticed by Richard Mulcaster (who was fired without a rest. Falstaff's meaning is that was a member) in his book Concerning the Training up though Wart is unfit for a musqueteer, yet, is armed of Children, 1581. in a passage communicated to Malone with a lighter piece, he may do good service.

by the Rev. Mr. Bowle. 4 Trarerse was an ancient military term for march ! 8 Quirer is nimible, actire. 5 Shot, for shooter.

9 Turnbull-strerl, or Turuball-street, is a corruption 6 Mile' End Green was the place for public sports and of Turumill-streel, near Clerkenwell; anciently the exercises. Stowe mentions that, in 1585, 1000 citizens resort of bullies, rogules, and other dissolute persons, were trained and exercised there. And again, that The reader will remoinherits vicinity in Ruffians Hall, 30,000 citizens chewed on the 27th August, 1599, on the now Smithfield Market. Picki Haich, a celebrated Miles-end; where they trained all that day and other brothelry, is supposed to have been situate in or near dayes under their captaines (also citizens) until the 4th Turnbull.street. of September. The pupils of this military school were 10 Steevens has adopted Rowe's alteration of this word, thought but slightly of. Shakspeare has already re. inrincible to inrisille, withoul necessity. The word is ferred to Mile End and its military exercises rather con metaphorically used for not to be mastered or taken in. lemptuously io All's Well that Ends Well, Act iv. Sc. 3. di See Sir Thomas Brown's Volmar Errors, 1686, p

7. Arthur's show was not, as some have supposed, a 72; and note on Art i. Sc.2, of this play. mas sue or pageanl, in which an exact representation 19 i. e. rshippel, carled, savs Pope ; and notwith. of Arthur and his kuights was made, but an exhibition standing Jobinson's doubte, Perper is rirhl. A srutcher of Toxopholites, styling themselves "The Auncient Or. was a whip or riling rod, according to Cotarure. And der, Society, and Unitie laudable of Prince Arthure for a further illustration of this passie the reader, curi. and his Knightly Armory of the Round Table.' The nus in such maltls, may turn to Torciano's Italian Dic. associates of which were fifty-eight in number, taking towary, 1699, in v. Trentino, the names of the knights in the romantic hitory of that 13 Titles of little poems. chivalric worthy. According to their historian and poet, 14 For some account of the Fire and his dngger oj Richard Robinson, this Society was established by Hihiho praver may see Twelfth Night, Act iv. Sc. 3 charter under King Henry the Eighth, who, when he There is something excessively ludicrous in the compa. sawe a good archer indeede, he chose him and ordain. rison of Shallow to this powerless weapon of that urol! ed such a one for a knight of this order.' Robinson's personage the Ol Vice or fool. book was printed in 1583, and in a MS. list of his own 15 Burs!, bras! anu broken, were formerly synony. works, now in the British Museum, he says, "Mr. mous; as may be seen under the words break and Thomas Smith, her majestie's customer, representing hroksen, in Baret. himself Prince Arthure, gave me for his booke vs. His 16 Gannt is thin, slender. 66 knightes gave me every one for his xvijd. and every 17 This is only a humorous exaggerative way of ex. Esqre for his booke viijd, when they sholt under the same pressing · He shall be more than the philosopher's stona Prince Arthure at Myles end green.' Shakspeare has lio me, or twice as good. I will make gold out of him.'

bait for the old pike, I see no reason, in the law | Had not been here, to dress the ugly form of nature, but I may snap at him. Let time shape, of base and bloody insurrection and there an end.

[Erit. With your fair honours. You, lord archbishop,

Whose see is by a civil peace maintain'u;

Whose beard the silver hand of peace hath touch'd : ACT IV.

Whose learning and good letters peace hath tutor'd; SCENE I. A Forest in Yorkshire. Enter the Whose white investinentse figure innocence,

Archbishop of York, Mowbray, Hastings, and The dove and very blessed spirit of peace, others.

Wherefore do you so ill translate yourself,

Out of the speech of peace, that bears such grace, Arch. What is this forest called ?

Into the harsh and boist'rous tongue of war? Hast. 'Tis Gualtree forest, an't shall please your Turning your books to graves, your ink to blood,

grace. Arch. Here stand, my lords ; and send discoveries To a loud trumpet, and a point of war?

Your pens to lances; and your tongue divine forth,

Arch. Wherefore do I'this ?--so the question To know the numbers of our enemies.

stands. Hast. We have sent forth already. Arch.

Briefly to this end :-We are all diseas'd; 'Tis well done.

And, with our surfeiting, and wanton hours,
My friends, and brethren in these great affairs,

Have brought ourselves into a burning fever,
I must acquaint you that I have receiv'd
New-dated etters from Northumberland;

And we must bleed for it: of which disease

Our late king, Richard, being infected, died.
Their cold intent, tenour, and substance, thus :-
Here doth he wish his person, with such powers

But, my most noble lord of Westmoreland,

I take not on me here as a physician ;
As might hold sortance' with his quality,

Nor do I, as an enemy to peace,
The which he could not levy ; whereupon Troop in the throngs of military men:
He is retir'd, to ripe his growing fortunes,
To Scotland: and concludes in hearty prayers,

But, rather, show a while like fearful war,

To diet rank minds, sick of happiness;
That your attempts may overlive the hazard,
And fearful meeting of their opposite.

And purge the obstructions, which begin to stop Moub. Thus do the hopes we have in him touch I have in equal balance justly weigh'd

Our very veinis of life. Hear me more plainly. ground, And dash themselves to pieces.

What wrongs our arms may do, what wrongs we

suffer. Enter a Messenger.

And find our griefs heavier than our offences. Hast.

Now, what news? We see which way the stream of time doth run, Mesa. West of this forest, scarcely off a mile,

And are enforc'd from our most quiet sphere
In goodly form comes on the enemy :

By the rough torrent of occasion :
And, by the ground they hide, I judge their number And have the summary of all our griefs,
Upon, or near, the rate of thirty thousand.

When time shall serve, to show in articles,
Moub. The just proportion that we gave them out. Which, long ere this, we offer'd to the king,
Let us sway? on, and face them in the field. And might by no suit gain our audience:

When we are wrong'd, and would unfold our griefs

We are denied access unto his personu Arch. What well-appointed leader fronts us Even by those men that most have done us wrong here?

The dangers of the days but newly gone, Mowb. I think, it is my lord of Westmoreland.

(Whose memory is written on the earth West. Health and fair greeting from our general, With yet-appearing blood,) and the examples The prince, Lord John and duke of Lancaster. Of every minute's instancell (present now,) Arch. Say on, my lord of Westmoreland, in Have put us in these ill-beseeming arms: peace;

Not to break peace, or any branch of it; What doth concern your coming ?

But to establish here a peace indeed, West.

Then, my lord, Concurring both in name and quality. Unto your grace do I in chief address

West. When ever yet was your appeal denied ? The substance of my speech. If that rebellion Wherein have you been galled by the king ? Came like itself, in base and abject routs, What peer hath been suborn'd to grate on you? Led on by bloodyî youth, guarded with rage, That you should seal this lawless bloody book, And countenanc'd by boys, and beggary;

Of forg'd rebellion with a seal divine, I say, if damn'd commotion so appear'd

And consecrate commotion's bitter edge ?12 In his true, native, and most proper shape,

Arch. My brother general, the commonwealth, You, reverend father, and these noble lords To brother born an household cruelty,

I make my quarrel in particular.13 | Be suitable.

2 That is, let us pass on with our armament. To sway was sometimes used for a rushing hasty move- 11 Examples of every minute's instance,' are ' Ex. ment.

amples which every minute instances or supplies,' 3 Completely accoutred.

Which even the present minute presses on their notice, + Barei carefully distinguishes between bloody, full 12 Commotion's bitter edge that is, the edge of bitter of blood, sanguineous, and bloody, desirous of blood, strife and commotion; the sword of rebellion. This lino sanguinarius. In this speech Shakspeare uses the is omitted in the folio. word in both senses,

13 The second line nf this very obscure speerh is omit5 Guarded is a metaphor taken from dress; to guard ted in the folio. As the passage stands I can make being to oraament with guar is or facings.

nothing of it; nor do any of the explanatious which have 6. Formerly all bishops wore white, even when they been offered appear to me satisfactory. I think with travelled,'-Hody's History of Convocations, p. 141. Malone that a line has been lose, though I do not agree This white investment was the episcopal rochet. with him in the sense he would give to it. It is with all

7 Warburton very plausibly reads glaires ; Steevens proper humility I offer the following reading : proposed greares; and this emendation has my full • My quarrel general, the commonwealth, concurrence. It should be remarked that greaves, or Whose rorong do loudly call out for redress; og-armour, is sometimes spelt grades.

To brother bom an household cruelty, S Grievances.

I make my quarrel in particular.' 9 The old copies read ' from our most quiet there.' i. e. my general cause of discontent is public wrongs, Warburton made the alteration; I am not quite per- my particular cause the death of my own brother, euaded that it was necessary.

who was beheaded by the king's order. This circum 10 In Holinshed the Archbishop says, 'Where he and stance is referred to in the first part of this play :his companie were in armes, it was for leare of the 'The archbishop--who bears hard king, to whom he could have no free accesse, by reason His brother's death at Bristol, the Lord Scroop. of such a multitude of fallerers as were about him.' The answer of Westmoreland makes it obvious that

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