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THE

ANATOMY

OF

MELANCHOLY,

WHAT IT IS, WITH ALL THE

KINDS, CAUSES, SYMPTOMES, PROGNOSTICS,

AND

SEVERAL CURES OF IT.

IN THREE PARTITIONS.

WITH THEIR SEVERAL

SECTIONS, MEMBERS, AND SUBSECTIONS,

PHILOSOPHICALLY, MEDICINALLY, HISTORICALLY OPENED AND CUT UP.

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LONDON:
PRINTED FOR J. CUTHELL; J. NUNN; LONGMAN AND CO.;
J.
MAWMAN; BALDWIN AND CO.; LACKINGTON AND

Co. ;
BLACK AND co.; S. BAGSTER; EDWARDS AND KNIBB; OGLE,
DUNCAN, AND CO.; R. SAUNDERS; J. SHELDON ; AND WILSONS,

YORK

1821.

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HONORATISSIMO DOMINO,

NON MINVS VIRTVTE SVA,

QUAM GENERIS

SPLENDORE,

ILLVSTRISSIMO,

GEORGIO B ER KLEIO

MILITI DE BALNEO,

BARONI DE BERKLEY,

MOUBREY, SEGRAVE,

D. DE BRUSE,

DOMINO SVO

Multis Nominibus Observando,

HANC SUAM

MELANCHOLIÆ

Α Ν Α Τ Ο Μ Ε Ν,

JAM SEXTO

REVISAM,

D. D.

DEMOCRITUS Junior.

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vii

ADVERTISEMENT.

THE work now restored to public notice has had an extraordinary fate. At the time of its original publication it obtained a great celebrity, which continued more than half a century. During that period few books were more read, or more deservedly applauded. It was the delight of the learned, the solace of the indolent, and the refuge of the uninformed. It past through at least eight editions, by which the bookseller, as Wood records, got an

estate ; and, notwithstanding the objections sometimes opposed against it, of a quaint style, and too great an accumulation of authorities, the facination of its wit, fancy, and sterling sense, have borne down all censures, and extorted praise from the first writers in the English language. The great JOHNSON has praised it in the warmest terms, and the ludicrous STERNE has interwoven many parts of it into his own popular performance. MILTON did not disdain to build two of his finest poems on it ; and a host of inferior writers have embellished their works with beauties not their own, culled from a performance which they had not the justice even to mention. Change of times, and the frivolity of fashion, suspended, in some degree, that fame which had lasted near a century; and the succeeding generation affected indifference towards an author, who at length was only looked into by the plunderers of literature, the poachers in obscure volumes. The

plagiarisms of Tristram Shandy, so successfully brought to light by Dr. Ferriar, at length drer the attention of the public towards a writer, who, though then little known, might without impeachment of modesty lay claim to every mark of respect ; and inquiry proved, beyond a doubt, that the calls of justice had been little attended to by others, as well as the

facetious Yorick. Wood observed, more than a century ago, that several authors had unmercifully stolen matter from BURTON without any acknowledgement. The time, however, at length arrived, when the merits of the 6 Anatomy of Melancholywere to receive their due praise. The book was again sought for and read, and again it became an applauded performance. Its ex

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