The Unicorn: A Mythological Investigation

الغلاف الأمامي
Longmans, Green and Company, 1881 - 97 من الصفحات
THE science of Heraldry has faithfully preserved to modern times various phases of some of those remarkable legends, which, based upon a study of natural phenomena, exhibit the process whereby the greater part of mythology has come into existence. There we find the solar Gryphon, the solar Phoenix, 'a demi-eagle displayed issuing from flames of fire,' the solar Lion, and the lunar Unicorn, which two latter noble creatures now harmoniously support the Royal Arms. I propose in the following pages to examine the myth of the Unicorn, the wild, white, fierce, chaste Moon, whose two horns, unlike those of mortal creatures, are indissolubly twisted into one; the creature that endlessly fights with the Lion to gain the crown (κορυφή) or summit of heaven which neither may retain, and whose brilliant horn drives away the darkness and evil of the night, even as we find in the myth that 'venym is defended by the horn of an Vnicorne.'1 As the Moon rules the sea and water, so the horn of the Unicorn is said to purify the streams and pools, and we are told that other animals will not drink until this purification is made; for the Unicorn ere he slakes his thirst, like the sinking Moon, dips his horn in water. As the Moon, Artemis-Selenê, is the 'queen and huntress, chaste and fair,' so is 'the maiden Unicorne' 'in the Classical and Middle Ages the emblem of chastity.' 'Their inviolable attachment to virginity, has occasioned them to become the guardian hieroglyphic of that virtue.' According to Upton, quoted by Dallaway, the Unicorn 'capitur cum arte mirabili. Puella virgo in sylva proponitur solaque relinquitur, qui adveniens depolita omni ferocitate casti corporis pudicitiam in virgine veneratur, caputque suum in sinu puellae imponit, sicque soperatus deprehenditur a venatoribus et occiditur, vel in regali palatio ad spectandum exhibetur.'

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الصفحة 91 - And they shall build houses, and inhabit them; and they shall plant vineyards and eat the fruit of them. They shall not build, and another inhabit; they shall not plant, and another eat: for as the days of a tree are the days of my people, and mine elect shall long enjoy the work of their hands.
الصفحة 48 - Less than archangel ruined, and the excess Of glory obscured ; as when the sun, new risen, Looks through the horizontal misty air Shorn of his beams, or from behind the moon, In dim eclipse, disastrous twilight sheds On half the nations, and with fear of change Perplexes monarchs.
الصفحة 71 - As when in heaven the stars about the moon Look beautiful, when all the winds are laid, And every height comes out, and jutting peak And valley, and the immeasurable heavens Break open to their highest, and all the stars Shine, and the Shepherd gladdens in his heart...
الصفحة 85 - Like as a lyon whose imperiall powre A prowd rebellious unicorn defyes, T' avoide the rash assault and wrathful stowre Of his fiers foe, him to a tree applyes, And when him ronning in full course he spyes, He slips aside ; the whiles that furious beast His precious home, sought of his enimyes, Strikes in the stocke, ne thence can be releast, But to the mighty victor yields a bounteous feast.
الصفحة 85 - The friend of D'Ambois, before fierce L'Anou ; Which D'Ambois seeing, as I once did see In my young travels through Armenia, An angry unicorn in his full career Charge with too swift a foot a jeweller That...
الصفحة 62 - Regarding the three-legged ass they say, that it stands amid the wide-formed ocean, and its feet are three, eyes six, mouths nine, ears two, and horn one, body white, food spiritual, and it is righteous.
الصفحة 70 - Like as I die and rise to life again, so you also shall rise again when you die ; " but the hare went to men and said, " Like as I die, and do not rise again, so...
الصفحة 9 - Some have made doubt whether there be any such Beast, as this, or no. But the great esteeme of his Home (in many places to be seene) may take away that needelesse scruple.
الصفحة 44 - Ulphus's horn of ivory ; an inscription in Latin upon the horn states that Ulphus, prince of the western parts of Deira, originally gave it to the church of St. Peter, together with all his lands and revenues. Henry Lord Fairfax at last restored the horn to the church, when it had been lost or conveyed away. The dean and chapter decorated it anew, AD, 1675.

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